See also: ħajt

Hungarian

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Ugric *kajɜ- (to bend, stoop)[1] + -t (causative suffix).[2]

Verb

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hajt

  1. (transitive) to fold, to bend
    Synonyms: hajlít, görbít, ferdít, fordít
Conjugation
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Derived terms
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(With verbal prefixes):

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Etymology 2

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Of debated origin: [2]

  1. From Proto-Ugric *kujɜ- (*kajɜ-) (to chase, hunt, stalk, shoot)[3] + -t (causative suffix).
  2. From hajt (to fold).

Verb

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hajt

  1. (transitive) to herd, to drive (animals)
    Synonym: terel
  2. (transitive) to move, to drive, to propel, to impel (e.g. a machine)
    Synonyms: működtet, mozgásba hoz, mozgat, mozdít, lendít
  3. (transitive) to drive someone or an animal hard
    Synonyms: dolgoztat, ösztökél, hajszol
  4. (intransitive) to slave away, work hard flat out, grind, graft, toil
    Synonyms: fáradozik, igyekszik, gürcöl, gürizik, gályázik, robotol, kulizik, rakkol
  5. (transitive, figurative) to drive, pique (e.g. of curiosity)
    Synonym: izgat
  6. (transitive) to beat (game in hunting)
    Synonym: űz
  7. (transitive) to drive (a cart, carriage or a modern car)
    Synonym: vezet
  8. (transitive) to repeat over and over
    Synonyms: ismétel, ismételget
  9. (transitive, intransitive) to purge (laxative)
Conjugation
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Derived terms
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(With verbal prefixes):

Etymology 3

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By semantic split from hajt (to drive). For a similar semantic change, compare German treiben (to drive; to sprout).[4]

Verb

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hajt

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to sprout, to shoot
    Synonyms: fakaszt, ereszt, növeszt
  2. (transitive) to yield, bring (profit)
    Synonyms: hoz, ad, terem, eredményez, jövedelmez
Conjugation
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Derived terms
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(With verbal prefixes):

References

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  1. ^ Entry #1770 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics.
  2. 2.0 2.1 hajt in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)
  3. ^ Entry #1780 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics.
  4. ^ hajt in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading

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  • (to drive, to propel): hajt in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (to fold, to bend): hajt in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (to sprout, to shoot): hajt in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN