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CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *(j)azъ, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

(first person)

  1. I

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

 n (indeclinable)

  1. (psychoanalysis) ego

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

IcelandicEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

  1. yes

SynonymsEdit

InterjectionEdit

  1. (informal) yes (as an exclamation of joy or excitement)

SynonymsEdit


Inari SamiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *jahw (and); compare Gothic 𐌾𐌰𐌷 (jah), Old High German ja, joh.

ConjunctionEdit

  1. and

Indo-PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese (already; now), from Old Portuguese ja, from Latin iam (already), from Proto-Indo-European *yē (already).

ParticleEdit

  1. used in conjunction with the past tense
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3:
      Já fallou par su pai aquêl mais piquin, []
      The youngest one told his father, []

Northern SamiEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

AdverbEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Old NorseEdit

AdverbEdit

  1. yes

InterjectionEdit

  1. (informal) yes (as an exclamation of joy or excitement)

PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • ja (obsolete)
  • jah (Internet slang)

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese ja, from Latin iam (already), from Proto-Indo-European *yē (already). Cognate with French / déjà and Spanish ya.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

(not comparable)

  1. (usually preceding verbs in the past tense) already (indicating that something has happened before)
    li esse livro.
    I have already read this book.
  2. (usually following verbs in the present tense) now (at this instant)
    Consigo fazer isso .
    I can do this right now.
    Compre !
    Buy now!
  3. (in negative sentences, preceding the adverb não) anymore; any longer
    Eu não leio mais muitos livros.
    I don’t read many books anymore.
  4. (usually preceding verbs in the present tense) in a minute; soon
    Não me apresse, eu faço isso.
    Don’t rush me, I will do this in a minute.
  5. (preceding noun phrases) on the other hand, however
    Gosto de ler, a minha mãe não lê nem as notícias.
    I enjoy reading, my mother, on the other hand, doesn’t even read the news.
  6. (informal, preceding verbs) really (used for emphasis)
    está difícil essa prova!
    This test is really hard!

Usage notesEdit

In Portuguese, is said more frequently than the English equivalents. It is sometimes left untranslated altogether.

QuotationsEdit

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:já.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Angolar: dha
  • Annobonese: za
  • Guinea-Bissau Creole: dja
  • Indo-Portuguese:
  • Kabuverdianu: dja
  • Korlai Creole Portuguese: ja, ya
  • Macanese:
  • Kristang: jah
  • Principense: za
  • Sãotomense: za