English edit

 
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Wikipedia

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /læk/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æk

Etymology 1 edit

From Portuguese laca, from Hindi लाख (lākh)/Urduلاکھ(lākh) or cognates in other Indo-Aryan languages, from Sanskrit लाक्षा (lākṣā).

Noun edit

lac (countable and uncountable, plural lacs)

  1. A resinous substance or lacquer produced mainly on the banyan tree by the female of Kerria lacca, a scale insect.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

lac (plural lacs)

  1. Dated spelling of lakh.
    • 1804, R[obert] Montgomery Martin, quoting Yashwantrao Holkar, “Section II. European Intercourse—Rise and Growth of British Power.”, in The Indian Empire: [], volume I (History, Topography, Population, Government, Finance, Commerce, and Staple Products), London; New York, N.Y.: The London Printing and Publishing Company, published [1858], →OCLC, page 399, column 2:
      [] Lake [i.e., Gerard Lake, 1st Viscount Lake] should not have leisure to breathe for a moment, and calamities would fall on lacs of human beings in continued war by the attacks of his army, which would overwhelm like the waves of the sea.
    • 1878 August, “Contemporary Portraits. New Series.—No. 8. Charles Darwin, F.R.S.”, in The University Magazine: A Literary and Philosophic Review, volume II, London: Hurst & Blackett, [], →OCLC, page 154:
      The Laccadives and Maldives, for instance, meaning literally the "lac of islands" and the "thousand islands," are a series of such atolls; []

Etymology 3 edit

From Cadillac.

Noun edit

lac (plural lacs)

  1. (slang) Clipping of Cadillac.
    Synonyms: caddie, caddy
    Last night I was driving around in my lac.
    • 1992, Big Mello, Bone Hard Zaggin, Rap-A-Lot Records, track 5. "Mac's Drive 'Lac's"
      Macs drive lacs.
    • 2005, “Drive Slow”, in Late Registration, performed by Kanye West:
      The candy gloss is immaculate, it's simply amazing / Them elbows poking wide on that candy ’Lac

Etymology 4 edit

From laceration.

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): /læs/

Noun edit

lac (countable and uncountable, plural lacs)

  1. (medicine, colloquial) Laceration.
    hand lac

Anagrams edit

Aromanian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin lacus (lake), from Proto-Italic *lakus, from Proto-Indo-European *lókus (lake, pool).

Noun edit

lac

  1. lake

Dalmatian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin lacus (lake), from Proto-Italic *lakus, from Proto-Indo-European *lókus (lake, pool).

Noun edit

lac m

  1. lake

Franco-Provençal edit

Etymology edit

From Latin lacus (lake), from Proto-Italic *lakus, from Proto-Indo-European *lókus (lake, pool). Compare Aragonese laco, Catalan llac, Esperanto lago, French lac, Italian lago, Maltese lag, Portuguese lago, Romanian lac, Sardinian lagu, Spanish lago.

Noun edit

lac m

  1. lake

French edit

 
French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology edit

Inherited from Middle French lac, from Old French lac, a replacement of earlier lai (pit, trench, ditch, grave, mere, pond) (see Old French lac). Generally inferred as a borrowing of Latin lacus (lake), from Proto-Italic *lakus, from Proto-Indo-European *lókus (lake, pool).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lac m (plural lacs)

  1. lake

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

K'iche' edit

Noun edit

lac

  1. (Classical K'iche') plate

Latin edit

 
Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la
 
Poculum lactis.

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From lact by simplification of a word-final sequence of two plosives (the variant nominative/accusative form lacte shows the addition of a vowel as an alternative). The etymology is controversial: there is no consensus on the cognate set, the manner of descent (inheritance vs. borrowing), or the form and ultimate orgin of the etymon. Possible cognates include Albanian dhallë (buttermilk), Old Armenian կաթն (katʿn, milk), Ancient Greek γάλα, γᾰ́λᾰκτ-/γᾰ́λᾰκ- (gála, gálakt-/gálak-, milk), Hittite 𒂵𒆷𒀝𒋻 (galaktar, balm, resin), Waigali zōr (milk) and Romanian zară (buttermilk).

Pokorny reconstructs the Latin and Greek words as inherited from Proto-Indo-European *glakt n from a root *glag- or *glak-.[1] De Vaan derives the Latin, Greek and Armenian forms from Proto-Indo-European *gl̥gt-, and follows Meiser in explaining the loss of initial *g- in Latin as a result of long-distance dissimilation.[2]

There have been attempts to derive the word instead from the root *h₂melǵ- (milk).

  • Garnier, Sagart and Sagot 2017 cite Garnier 2016's reconstruction of a verb *ambĭ-blactāre (to milk with both hands) > *amblactāre, supposing this was subsequently reanalyzed as *amb-lactāre and lost the prefix to yield the attested verb lactāre. The noun lac(t) would then derive by back-formation from the verb lactāre.[3]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lac n sg (genitive lactis); third declension

  1. milk
    Cum lacte nutricis.With the nurse's milk.
  2. for something sweet, pleasant
    In melle sunt linguae sitae vostrae atque orationes, lacteque; corda felle sunt lita, atque acerbo aceto.
    In honey your tongues and speeches are dipped, and in milk; your hearts are smeared with gall and with bitter vinegar. (Plautus)
    Ut mentes ... satiari velut quodam jucundioris disciplinae lacte patiantur.
    That minds may endure being satisfied as by the milk of a more pleasant discipline. (Quintilian)
  3. milky juice
    Lac herbae.Milk of a plant.
    cum lacte veneni.with poisonous milk.
    • c. 1st century BCE, Anonymous (formerly misattributed to Ovid), Nux
      Lamina mollis adhuc tenero dum lacte, quod intro est,
      nec mala sunt ulli nostra futura bono.
      As their nutshell still remains soft with something tenderly milky inside,
      my future fruits are not good to anyone.
  4. (poetic) milk-white color
    • 2 CE, Publius Ovidius Naso, Ars Amatoria I.290:
      Forte sub umbrosis nemorosae vallibus Idae
      candidus, armenti gloria, taurus erat,
      signatus tenui media inter cornua nigro;
      una fuit labes, cetera lactis erant.
      As fortune had it, in the shadowy valleys of forested Ida,
      there was a white bull, the glory of its herd,
      marked by slightly black colour between its horns;
      the blemish was (only) one, the rest were milk-white.

Declension edit

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem), singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative lac
Genitive lactis
Dative lactī
Accusative lac
Ablative lacte
Vocative lac

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Late Latin: lactis (see there for further descendants)
  • English: lactic, lact(o)-
  • Esperanto: lakto
  • Interlingua: lacte
  • Interlingue: lacte

References edit

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “glag-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 2, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 400
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “lac”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 320
  3. ^ Romain Garnier; Laurent Sagart; Benoît Sagot (2017), “13. Milk and the Indo-Europeans”, in Martine Robbeets, Alexander Savelyev, editors, Language Dispersal Beyond Farming, John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2.2.2, page 302

Further reading edit

  • lac”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lac”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lac in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to imbibe error from one's mother's breasts: errorem cum lacte nutricis sugere (Tusc. 3. 1. 2)

Norman edit

Etymology edit

From Old French lac, from Latin lacus (lake), from Proto-Italic *lakus, from Proto-Indo-European *lókus (lake, pool).

Noun edit

lac m (plural lacs)

  1. (Jersey, geography) lake

Old English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *laik, from Proto-Germanic *laikaz, compare *laikaną. Cognates include Old Norse leikr (whence Danish leg (game), Swedish leka (to play)), Gothic 𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌺𐍃 (laiks, dance).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lāc n or f

  1. play, sport
  2. battle, strife
  3. gift, offering, sacrifice, booty; message
    Hie drihtne lac begen brohton.
    They both brought an offering to the Lord.

Declension edit

when neuter
when feminine

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

Old French edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Generally assumed to be a borrowing of Latin lacus (basin, tank, tub, reservoir, pond), displacing the native Old French lai (pit, grave, trench, mere, pond), inherited from the same Latin term, by the early 13th century. Latin lacus derives from Proto-Italic *lakus, from Proto-Indo-European *lókus (lake, pool),

The displacement of Old French lai may have been assisted by influence from early Middle English lac, lace (lake, pond, pool", also "pit, ditch, trench), from Old English lacu (pool, pond, lake), due to lac's sudden spread in Old French following the annexation of English controlled Normandy into the kingdom of France in 1204. An outright borrowing of the term from Middle English rather than from the Latin is also not outside the realm of possibility, as the earliest attestations of Old French lac are in the Eadwine Psalter (written by Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman scribes in England) and Erec and Enide (an Arthurian romance, whose author was heavily influenced by English, Anglo-Norman, and Celtic writings).

The Old Occitan lac, laz, latz (snare, noose", also "pit, hole), which some theorise as leading to the Old French form (with c), is actually derived from a different Latin root related to Old French laz (snare, noose, lace), and possibly conflated with Old High German lacha (ditch, trench, pool). See Italian lacca (hole, pit).

Noun edit

lac oblique singularm (oblique plural las, nominative singular las, nominative plural lac)

  1. lake

Descendants edit

  • Middle French: lac
    • Middle English: lac
    • French: lac
    • Norman: lac (Jersey)

Old Irish edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Celtic *laggos, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)leh₁g-.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

lac

  1. weak, feeble
  2. (hair) soft, smooth

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
lac
also llac after a proclitic
lac
pronounced with /l(ʲ)-/
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin lacus (lake), from Proto-Italic *lakus, from Proto-Indo-European *lókus (lake, pool). Compare Aragonese laco, Catalan llac, Esperanto lago, French lac, Italian lago, Maltese lag, Portuguese lago, Sardinian lagu, Spanish lago.

Noun edit

lac n (plural lacuri)

  1. lake

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Romansch edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun edit

lac m

  1. paint

Synonyms edit

Zazaki edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Compare Middle Armenian լաճ (lač).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lac m

  1. son[2]
    O lacê mıno.He is my son.
    Lacê to lacê mı rê vano.Your son says to my son.
  2. boy
    Çı lacê do rındo.What a beautiful boy.

References edit

  1. ^ Todd, Terry Lynn (2008), Brigitte Werner, editor, A Grammar of Dimili (also Known as Zaza)[1], an electronic version of printed second edition (2002), Giessen: Forum Linguistik in Eurasien e.V., page 145b
  2. ^ Keskin, Mesut (2010), “lac”, in Wörterverzeichnis Zazaki-Deutsch, Deutsch-Zazaki (PDF), page 9a