Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: LAG, Lag, lág, làg, låg, and -lag

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Origin uncertain, but probably of North Germanic origin, related to Norwegian lagga (to go slowly).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

lag

  1. late
    • 1592, William Shakespeare, King Richard III
      Some tardy cripple bore the countermand, / That came too lag to see him buried.
  2. (obsolete) Last; long-delayed.
    • Shakespeare
      the lag end of my life
  3. Last made; hence, made of refuse; inferior.
    • Dryden
      lag souls

NounEdit

lag (countable and uncountable, plural lags)

  1. (countable) A gap, a delay; an interval created by something not keeping up; a latency.
    • 2004, May 10. The New Yorker Online,
      During the Second World War, for instance, the Washington Senators had a starting rotation that included four knuckleball pitchers. But, still, I think that some of that was just a generational lag.
  2. (uncountable) Delay; latency.
    • 1999, Loyd Case, Building the ultimate game PC
      Whatever the symptom, lag is a drag. But what causes it? One cause is delays in getting the data from your PC to the game server.
    • 2001, Patricia M. Wallace, The psychology of the Internet
      When the lag is low, 2 or 3 seconds perhaps, Internet chatters seem reasonably content.
    • 2002, Marty Cortinas, Clifford Colby, The Macintosh bible
      Latency, or lag, is an unavoidable part of Internet gaming.
  3. (Britain, slang, archaic) One sentenced to transportation for a crime.
  4. (Britain, slang) a prisoner, a criminal.
    • 1934, P. G. Wodehouse, Thank You, Jeeves
      On both these occasions I had ended up behind the bars, and you might suppose that an old lag like myself would have been getting used to it by now.
  5. (snooker) A method of deciding which player shall start. Both players simultaneously strike a cue ball from the baulk line to hit the top cushion and rebound down the table; the player whose ball finishes closest to the baulk cushion wins.
  6. One who lags; that which comes in last.
    • Alexander Pope
      the lag of all the flock
  7. The fag-end; the rump; hence, the lowest class.
    • Shakespeare
      the common lag of people
  8. A stave of a cask, drum, etc.; especially (engineering) one of the narrow boards or staves forming the covering of a cylindrical object, such as a boiler, or the cylinder of a carding machine or steam engine.
  9. A bird, the greylag.

Usage notesEdit

In casual use, lag and latency are used synonymously for “delay between initiating an action and the effect”, with lag more casual. In formal use, latency is the technical term, while lag is used when latency is greater than usual, particularly in internet gaming.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

lag (third-person singular simple present lags, present participle lagging, simple past and past participle lagged)

  1. to fail to keep up (the pace), to fall behind
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, Canto I
      Behind her farre away a Dwarfe did lag, / That lasie seemd in being ever last, / Or wearied with bearing of her bag / Of needments at his backe.
    • 1616, George Chapman, The Odysseys of Homer
      Lazy beast! / Why last art thou now? Thou hast never used / To lag thus hindmost
    • 1717, The Metamorphoses of Ovid translated into English verse under the direction of Sir Samuel Garth by John Dryden, Alexander Pope, Joseph Addison, William Congreve and other eminent hands
      While he, whose tardy feet had lagg'd behind, / Was doom'd the sad reward of death to find.
    • 1798, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner in seven parts
      Brown skeletons of leaves that lag / My forest-brook along
    • 2004, — The New Yorker, 5 April 2004
      Over the next fifty years, by most indicators dear to economists, the country remained the richest in the world. But by another set of numbers—longevity and income inequality—it began to lag behind Northern Europe and Japan.
  2. to cover (for example, pipes) with felt strips or similar material
    • c. 1974, Philip Larkin, The Building
      Outside seems old enough: / Red brick, lagged pipes, and someone walking by it / Out to the car park, free.
  3. (Britain, slang, archaic) To transport as a punishment for crime.
    • De Quincey
      She lags us if we poach.
  4. (transitive) To cause to lag; to slacken.
    • Heywood
      To lag his flight.

TranslationsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch lachen.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

lag (present lag, present participle laggende, past participle gelag)

  1. to laugh

AlbanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Albanian *lauga, from Proto-Indo-European *lowg- (compare Old Norse laug (hot spring, bath), Latvian luga (marshy deposit, silt), Serbo-Croatian lȕža (puddle, pool)).

VerbEdit

lag (first-person singular past tense laga, participle lagur)

  1. to wet, moisten
  2. (colloquial) to water
  3. (geography) to wash land (of a body of water)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Albanian *lag-, from Proto-Indo-European *legʰ- (to lay, lie (down)). Cognate with Ancient Greek λόχος (lókhos, ambush, ambuscade, armed band), Gothic 𐌻𐌰𐌲𐌾𐌰𐌽 (lagjan, to lay). Singular form of lagje.

NounEdit

lag m

  1. troop, band, encampment
Related termsEdit

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse lag.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /laːɡ/, [læːˀj], [læjˀ]

NounEdit

lag n (singular definite laget, plural indefinite lag)

  1. layer
  2. coat, coating
  3. class
  4. stratum

InflectionEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

lag

  1. singular past indicative of liggen

AnagramsEdit


FaroeseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lag n (genitive singular lags, plural løg)

  1. layer
  2. (in compounds) what belongs together (company, union)
  3. regularity, order
  4. skill, capability
  5. method, system
  6. importance
  7. mood
  8. design, shape
  9. melody

Usage notesEdit

what belongs together

order

skill

importance

mood

  • tað er einki lag á honum - he is in a bad mood

DeclensionEdit

Declension of lag
n6 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative lag lagið løg løgini
accusative lag lagið løg løgini
dative lag, lagi lagnum, laginum løgum løgunum
genitive lags lagsins laga laganna

Derived termsEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

lag

  1. First-person singular preterite of liegen.
  2. Third-person singular preterite of liegen.

GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

lag

  1. Romanization of 𐌻𐌰𐌲

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse lag.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lag n (genitive singular lags, nominative plural lög)

  1. layer
  2. (geology) stratum
  3. tune, song
  4. order
  5. thrust, stab
  6. good method, knack

DeclensionEdit


IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish lac, from Proto-Celtic *laggos, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)leh₁g-, compare English slack and Latin laxus (slack).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

lag (genitive singular masculine laig, genitive singular feminine laige, plural laga, comparative laige)

  1. weak

DeclensionEdit


LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

lag

  1. rafsi of vlagi.

MalteseEdit

NounEdit

lag m

  1. lake

SynonymsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse lag

NounEdit

lag n (definite singular laget, indefinite plural lag, definite plural laga or lagene)

  1. layer
    "Denne sjokoladen har et lag med hvitt lag utenpå." (This chocolate has a white outer layer.)
  2. team (group of people)
    "Jeg skal spille for et nytt lag i morgen siden jeg måtte bytte da jeg har flytta." (I'll be playing for a different team tomorrow as I've had to change because I moved."
  3. (rare, especially outside stock phrases) mood; very frequently found in the definite ("laget"), often preceded by "godt" (see below)
    "Han er i godt lag i dag." (He's having a good day. / He's happy. / He's happy today.)
  4. (quite rare) party; found mainly in the phrase "godt lag" meaning "good people", "good company" or "good party"
    "I godt lag spiller det ingen rolle hva man feirer, hvor eller hvordan." (Surrounded by friendly/good/nice people, it doesn't matter why you are celebrating, or where or how.)
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

lag

  1. imperative of lage

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse lag

NounEdit

lag n (definite singular laget, indefinite plural lag, definite plural laga)

  1. layer
  2. team (group of people)
  3. mood

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

lag

  1. imperative of laga

ReferencesEdit


Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *lēgaz (low).

AdjectiveEdit

lāg (comparative lāgiro, superlative lāgist)

  1. low

DeclensionEdit





RomanschEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Sutsilvan) laitg
  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, Vallader) lai
  • (Puter) lej

EtymologyEdit

From Latin lacus, from Proto-Italic *lakus, from Proto-Indo-European *lókus (lake, pool).

NounEdit

lag m (plural lags)

  1. (Sursilvan, Sutsilvan) lake

Scottish GaelicEdit

AdjectiveEdit

lag

  1. weak, feeble

Derived termsEdit


SwedishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Swedish lagh, from Old Norse lǫg. Cognate with Danish lov, Norwegian lov, English law. Related to Old Norse leggja “to define”.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lag c

  1. a law; a written or understood rule that concerns behaviours and the appropriate consequences thereof. Laws are usually associated with mores.
  2. law; the body of written rules governing a society.
  3. a law; a one-sided contract.
  4. a law; an observed physical law.
  5. (mathematics) a law; a statement that is true under specified conditions.
Usage notesEdit
  • In the expression vara någon till lags (to be of service to someone), this is an ancient genitive controlled by the preposition till (to)
DeclensionEdit
Declension of lag 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lag lagen lagar lagarna
Genitive lags lagens lagars lagarnas
Related termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Swedish lagher, from Old Norse lǫgr, from Proto-Germanic *laguz, from Proto-Indo-European *lakw-. Cognate with Latin lacus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lag c

  1. (cooking) a water-based solution of sugar, salt and/or other spices; e.g. brine
DeclensionEdit
Declension of lag 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lag lagen lagar lagarna
Genitive lags lagens lagars lagarnas
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Swedish lagh, from Old Norse lag. Derived from Old Norse leggja (to lay) or liggja (to lie).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lag n

  1. a workgroup, a team; group of people which in sports compete together versus another team; or in general, work closely together
DeclensionEdit
Declension of lag 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lag laget lag lagen
Genitive lags lagets lags lagens
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Tagakaulu KalaganEdit

NounEdit

lag

  1. wild cat