English edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /lɑːz/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑːz

Noun edit

las

  1. plural of la

Anagrams edit

Aragonese edit

Etymology edit

From Latin illas (those ones).

Pronoun edit

las

  1. them (feminine direct object)

Aromanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin laxō.

Verb edit

las first-singular present indicative

  1. Alternative form of alas

Related terms edit

Catalan edit

Etymology 1 edit

Latinizing modification of the popular form llas, from Old Catalan las, from Latin lassus.

Alternative forms edit

Adjective edit

las (feminine lassa, masculine plural lassos, feminine plural lasses)

  1. weary, tired
Related terms edit

References edit

  • “las” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Further reading edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

las

  1. plural of la

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Low German las (patch, scrap).

Noun edit

las c (singular definite lasen, plural indefinite laser)

  1. rag
  2. shred

Declension edit

Further reading edit

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

las c (plural lassen, diminutive lasje n)

  1. joint, weld

Descendants edit

  • Indonesian: las

Verb edit

las

  1. singular past indicative of lezen
  2. inflection of lassen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Anagrams edit

Estonian edit

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

las

  1. second-person singular imperative of laskma
    Las ma söön.
    Let me eat.

Usage notes edit

lase governs the adessive (verb in the infinitive), las governs the nominative (verb in corresponding person, in the present).

Faroese edit

Verb edit

las

  1. first-person plural past indicative of lesa
  2. third-person plural past indicative of lesa

French edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Old French las, from Latin lassus.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

las (feminine lasse, masculine plural las, feminine plural lasses)

  1. weary, tired
    Synonyms: épuisé, fatigué
    • 1924, Emmanuel Bove, Mes Amis[1]:
      La solitude me pèse. J’aimerais à avoir un ami, un véritable ami, ou bien une maîtresse à qui je confierais mes peines. Quand on erre, toute une journée, sans parler, on se sent las, le soir dans sa chambre.
      Loneliness weighs heavily on me. I would like to have a friend, a true friend, or a lover to whom I could confide my sorrow. When one wanders all day without speaking to anybody, one feels weary in one's bedroom at night.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Clipping of hélas.

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

las

  1. (dated) alas
    Synonym: hélas

Further reading edit

Galician edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin illās, accusative feminine plural of ille.

Pronoun edit

las f pl (feminine plural las, masculine singular lo, masculine plural los)

  1. Alternative form of la (the, feminine plural)
Usage notes edit

The l- forms of article are compulsorily used after the preposition por and adverb u. It is optional when the preceding word ends in -r or -s, after unstressed pronouns nos, vos and lles (when they are enclitc) of ambos, entrambos, todos, tras and copulative conjunction (e mais and tonic pronouns vós and nós followed by a numerical precision).

Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronoun edit

las f pl (accusative)

  1. Alternative form of la (them, feminine plural)
Usage notes edit

The l- forms of accusative third-person pronouns are used when the preceding word ends in -r or -s, and are suffixed to the preceding word.

Related terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

las m pl

  1. plural of la

German edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

las

  1. first/third-person singular preterite of lesen

Gothic edit

Romanization edit

las

  1. Romanization of 𐌻𐌰𐍃

Indonesian edit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology edit

From Dutch las (welding, joint).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈlas]
  • Hyphenation: las

Noun edit

las (first-person possessive lasku, second-person possessive lasmu, third-person possessive lasnya)

  1. weld.

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Irish edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

las (present analytic lasann, future analytic lasfaidh, verbal noun lasadh, past participle lasta)

  1. (transitive) to light (start (a fire); illuminate)
  2. (intransitive) to blaze (shine like a flame)

Conjugation edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 13

Further reading edit

Kashubian edit

 
Kashubian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia csb

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *lěsъ.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈlas/
  • Syllabification: las

Noun edit

las m inan (diminutive lôsk, related adjective lasowi or lasny)

  1. forest, woods (dense uncultivated tract of trees)

Derived terms edit

nouns

Related terms edit

adjectives
nouns

Further reading edit

  • Stefan Ramułt (1893), “las”, in Słownik języka pomorskiego czyli kaszubskiego, page 90
  • Jan Trepczyk (1994), “las”, in Słownik polsko-kaszubski, volume 1-2
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011), “las”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi
  • las”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022

Ladino edit

Article edit

las (singular la, masculine los, Hebrew spellingלאס⁩)

  1. the (feminine plural)

Louisiana Creole edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from French lasse (weary, tired).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

las

  1. tired
    Synonyms: dormétik, épwizé, fatigé, fourbu, harasé

Masurian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish las.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈlas]
  • Syllabification: las

Noun edit

las m inan (diminutive lasek or laszik)

  1. forest, woods (dense uncultivated tract of trees)
    Synonym: bór

Further reading edit

  • Zofia Stamirowska (1987-2021), “las”, in Anna Basara, editor, Słownik gwar Ostródzkiego, Warmii i Mazur, volume 4, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, →ISBN, page 11-12

Middle Dutch edit

Verb edit

las

  1. first/third-person singular past indicative of lēsen

Middle English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Old French las, from the verb lacier (to lace).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

las (plural lass)

  1. lace

Descendants edit

References edit

Mirandese edit

Article edit

las f pl (singular la, masculine l, masculine plural ls)

  1. the
    las bacas de l fazendeiro
    the cows of the farmer

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Verb edit

las

  1. past of lesa

Occitan edit

Etymology edit

From Latin illās.

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

las (singular la, masculine lo, masculine plural los)

  1. the; feminine plural definite article

Old French edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

See a las

Interjection edit

las !

  1. alas

Old Occitan edit

Etymology edit

From Latin illās.

Article edit

las (singular la)

  1. the; feminine plural definite article

Descendants edit

Old Polish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *lě̑sъ. First attested in the second half of the 13th century.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /lʲas/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /lʲas/

Noun edit

las m ? (diminutive lasek, related adjective leśny)

  1. forest, woods (dense uncultivated tract of trees)
    • 1939 [end of the 14th century], Ryszard Ganszyniec, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Kubica, Ludwik Bernacki, editors, Psałterz florjański łacińsko-polsko-niemiecki [Latin-Polish-German Florian Psalter]‎[2], Zakład Narodowy imienia Ossolińskich, z zasiłkiem Sejmu Śląskiego [The Ossoliński National Institute: with the benefit of the Silesian Parliament], pages 49, 11:
      Moia sø wszistka zwerzøta lassow (omnes ferae silvarum)
      [Moja są wszystka źwierzęta lasow (omnes ferae silvarum)]
    • c. 1500, Wokabularz lubiński, inkunabuł Archiwum Archidiecezjalnego w Gnieźnie, sygn. Inc. 78d., page 77r:
      Lucus walt silua nemus idem czyemny lasz
      [Lucus walt silua nemus idem ciemny las]
    • c. 1500, Wokabularz lubiński, inkunabuł Archiwum Archidiecezjalnego w Gnieźnie, sygn. Inc. 78d., page 125v:
      Silua eyn walt lyąsz
      [Silua eyn walt las]

Derived terms edit

nouns

Related terms edit

nouns

Descendants edit

References edit

Phalura edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

las (demonstrative, Perso-Arabic spellingلس⁩)

  1. it
  2. him
  3. her (dist acc)

Alternative forms edit

References edit

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[3], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Polabian edit

Etymology edit

Unknown.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

las m ?

  1. salmon

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
 
las

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish las.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

las m inan (diminutive lasek, related adjective leśny or lasowy)

  1. forest, woods (dense uncultivated tract of trees)
  2. forest (dense collection or amount)
  3. forest (large number or quantity of something that makes it difficult to orient oneself and act properly)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adjectives
adverbs
nouns
proverbs
verbs
verbs

Related terms edit

adjectives
nouns

Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), las is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 24 times in scientific texts, 9 times in news, 3 times in essays, 48 times in fiction, and 25 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 109 times, making it the 566th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]

References edit

  1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “las”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 212

Further reading edit

  • las in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • las in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • las”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish], 2010-2023
  • LAS”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century], 19.12.2018
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814), “las”, in Słownik języka polskiego
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861), “las”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861
  • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1902), “las”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 2, Warsaw, page 686
  • las in Narodowy Fotokorpus Języka Polskiego

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

 

Pronoun edit

las

  1. Alternative form of as (third-person feminine plural objective pronoun) used as an enclitic and mesoclitic following a verb form ending in a consonant (-z, -r and -s, but not -m); the consonant is elided and the preceding vowel takes an accent if necessary

Romanian edit

Verb edit

las

  1. inflection of lăsa:
    1. first-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. third-person plural present indicative

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *volsь.

Noun edit

las f (Cyrillic spelling лас)

  1. (Kajkavian) hair
    Synonym: vlas

Silesian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • les (Southern Silesian)

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish las.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈlas/
  • Rhymes: -as
  • Syllabification: las

Noun edit

las m inan (related adjective leśny)

  1. forest, woods (dense uncultivated tract of trees)
    Synonyms: (Cieszyn) dōmbrowa, gŏj

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • las in dykcjonorz.eu
  • las in silling.org

Slovene edit

 
Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Alternative forms edit

  • laſ (Bohorič alphabet)

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *volsь. Compare with obsolete vlas.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lȃs m inan or f

  1. (anatomy) hair on top of head
  2. (obsolete, dialectal) hair (anywhere)[→SSKJ]
    • 2019 March 5, “Faun je ... Izvor in pomen besede "faun"”, in Punto Marinero[4]:
      Ta kratkodobna, prekrita z lasjo bitje je bila zelo priljubljena med prebivalci rimskih vasi.
      This short-lived being covered with hair was very popular between the inhabitants of Roman villages.
  3. nap, pile (The common direction, on some kinds of fabric, of the hairs making up the pile)
  4. (agriculture) corn silk

Usage notes edit

Unlike in English, the singular is reserved only for a single hair. For hair as a collection of many hairs, the plural is used. The feminine form is chiefly western dialects [→SSKJ] and is also commonly used as an uncountable noun (see quotation under sense 2).

Declension edit

First masculine declension (hard o-stem, inanimate), long mixed accent, ending -u in genitive singular, ending -je in nominative plural, null ending in genitive dual/plural, special endings in plural from former i-stem declension, special accent changes
nom. sing. lȃs
gen. sing. lasȗ
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
lȃs lȃsa lasjẹ̑
genitive
rodȋlnik
lasȗ lás lás
dative
dajȃlnik
lȃsu, lȃsi lȃsoma, lȃsama lasẹ̑m
accusative
tožȋlnik
lȃs lȃsa lasẹ̑, lȃse+prep.
locative
mẹ̑stnik
lȃsu, lȃsi lasẹ́h lasẹ́h
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
lȃsom lȃsoma, lȃsama lasmí
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
lȃs lȃsa lasjẹ̑


First masculine declension (hard o-stem, inanimate), fixed accent, special accent changes
nom. sing. lȃs
gen. sing. lȃsa
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
lȃs lȃsa lási
genitive
rodȋlnik
lȃsa lás lás
dative
dajȃlnik
lȃsu, lȃsi lȃsoma, lȃsama lásom
accusative
tožȋlnik
lȃs lȃsa láse
locative
mẹ̑stnik
lȃsu, lȃsi lásih, lásah lásih, lásah
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
lȃsom lȃsoma, lȃsama lási
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
lȃs lȃsa lási



  • chiefly western dialects, often uncountable
Second feminine declension (i-stem), long mixed accent
nom. sing. lȃs
gen. sing. lasȋ
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
lȃs lasȋ lasȋ
genitive
rodȋlnik
lasȋ lasī lasī
dative
dajȃlnik
lási lasẹ̄ma lasẹ̄m
accusative
tožȋlnik
lȃs lasȋ lasȋ
locative
mẹ̑stnik
lási lasẹ́h lasẹ́h
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
lasjọ́ lasẹ̄ma lasmí
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
lȃs lasȋ lasȋ

Synonyms edit

  • (sense 1)
  • (sense 2)

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • las”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran
  • las”, in Termania, Amebis
  • See also the general references

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /las/ [las]
  • Audio (Colombia):(file)
  • Rhymes: -as
  • Syllabification: las

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin illās, accusative feminine plural of ille.

Article edit

las f pl

  1. the
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronoun edit

las f pl

  1. accusative of ellas and ustedes (when referring to more than one woman); them, you all (formal)
  2. feminine plural pronoun
    las que no hablan
    those (women) who do not speak

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

las m pl

  1. plural of la

See also edit

Further reading edit

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective edit

las

  1. Soft mutation of glas.

Etymology 2 edit

From English lace.

Noun edit

las f (plural lasau or lasiau or lasys, singulative lasen or lasyn)

  1. lace

Further reading edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “las”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies