See also: Libra and librá

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin lībra (pound), partially via Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese libra. Doublet of lira, livre, libbre, liter, rottol, and arratel.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈliːbrə/, /ˈlaibrə/
  • (file)

NounEdit

libra (plural libras or librae) (Roman contexts)

  1. (historical) A Roman unit of mass, usually equivalent to 327 g.
  2. (historical) A traditional Spanish unit of mass, usually around 460 g.
  3. (historical) A traditional Portuguese unit of mass, usually equivalent to 345 g and particularly used for trade in medicines.
  4. (historical) Synonym of arratel, a separate Portuguese unit of mass, usually around 460 g.
  5. (historical) Alternative spelling of libbra, a traditional Italian unit of mass.
  6. (historical) Synonym of pound, a notional pound of silver as a money of account, especially in medieval contexts.

SynonymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

  • (Roman unit of mass): uncia (112 libra)
  • (Spanish unit of mass): onza (1/16 libra), cuarteron (¼ libra), marco (½ libra), arroba (25 libras), quintal (100 libras), tonelada (2000 libras)
  • (Portuguese unit of mass): oitava (usually 172 libra), onça (usually 112 libra), quarta (usually 13 libra), marco (usually 23 libra), arratel (usually 1+13 libras)

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

libra f

  1. pound (unit of measure)
  2. pound (currency)

Further readingEdit

  • libra in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • libra in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese livra, attested in the 13th-century Cantigas de Santa Maria, from Latin libra (Roman pound). Doublet of lira. In reference to the English unit, a calque of English pound. Cognate with Portuguese and Spanish libra and Catalan lliura.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

libra f (plural libras)

  1. English or American pound, a unit of mass equivalent to 453.6 g
  2. (historical) Galician pound, a unit of mass equivalent to about 575 g
  3. (historical) libra, Spanish pound, a unit of mass equivalent to about 460 g
  4. British pound, a unit of British currency originally notionally equal to a pound of sterling silver
    Synonym: libra esterlina
  5. (chiefly historical) pound, other similar currencies originally notionally equal to a pound of gold or silver

Coordinate termsEdit

  • (Galician pound): onza (1/20 libra)
  • (Spanish pound): onza (1/16 libra)

NounEdit

libra m or f (plural libras)

  1. Libra (someone with the Libra star sign)

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • libra” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • libra” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • libra” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • libra” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • libra” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

ItalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈli.bra/
  • Rhymes: -ibra
  • Hyphenation: lì‧bra

NounEdit

libra f (plural libre)

  1. pound

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

A Mediterranean substrate word, original form something like Proto-Italic *līðra, *leiðra (pound), surviving also in Ancient Greek λίτρα (lítra), whence English litre.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lībra f (genitive lībrae); first declension

  1. (historical) libra, Roman pound, a Roman unit of mass, equivalent to about 327 g
  2. scales, a tool used to balance two weights to measure amounts
  3. level, a tool used to check surfaces for horizontal and vertical alignment
  4. (Medieval Latin, New Latin) pound, any of various units of mass derived from or roughly equivalent to the Roman libra
  5. (Medieval Latin, New Latin) pound, any of various currencies derived from the use of pound as a weight in silver
DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lībra lībrae
Genitive lībrae lībrārum
Dative lībrae lībrīs
Accusative lībram lībrās
Ablative lībrā lībrīs
Vocative lībra lībrae
SynonymsEdit
  • (Roman unit of mass): lb.
  • (units of currency): £
Coordinate termsEdit
  • (Roman unit of mass): uncia (112 libra)
  • (English unit of mass): uncia (116 libra)
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

lībrā

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of lībrō

ReferencesEdit

  • libra”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • libra”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • libra in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • libra in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to make extracts from Cicero's writings: aliquid, multa ex Ciceronis libris excerpere (not excerpere librum)
  • libra”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • libra in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • libra”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

PortugueseEdit

 
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

EtymologyEdit

From Latin libra (Roman pound). Doublet of arrátel. In reference to the English unit, a calque of English pound. Cognate with Galician and Spanish libra and Catalan lliura.

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

libra f (plural libras)

  1. English or American pound, a unit of mass equal to 454 g
  2. pound, British and other currencies derived from the use of a pound as a weight in silver
  3. (historical) libra, Portuguese pound, a traditional unit of mass usually equivalent to 345 g and chiefly used for trade in medicines
  4. (historical) Synonym of arrátel, Portuguese pound, a traditional unit of mass usually equivalent to 460 g

Coordinate termsEdit

  • (English unit of mass): onça (116 libra), tonelada (2000 or 2240 libras)
  • (Portuguese unit of mass): oitava (usually 172 libra), onça (usually 112 libra), quarta (usually 13 libra), marco (usually 23 libra), arrátel (1+13 libras)

SpanishEdit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈlibɾa/ [ˈli.β̞ɾa]
  • Rhymes: -ibɾa
  • Syllabification: li‧bra

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin libra (Roman pound, scale). Doublet of lira. In reference to the English unit, a calque of English pound. Cognate with Galician and Portuguese libra and Catalan lliura.

NounEdit

libra f (plural libras)

  1. English or American pound avoirdupois, a unit of mass equivalent to 453.6 g
  2. (historical) libra, Spanish pound, a traditional unit of mass equivalent to about 460 g
  3. British pound, the currency of the United Kingdom and its dependencies, originally notionally equivalent to a pound of stirling silver
    Synonym: libra esterlina
  4. (chiefly historical) pound, various other currencies originally notionally equivalent to a pound of gold or silver
Coordinate termsEdit

NounEdit

libra m or f (plural libras)

  1. Libra (someone with the Libra star sign)
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

libra

  1. inflection of librar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further readingEdit


TagalogEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Spanish libra, from Latin libra.

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: lib‧ra
  • IPA(key): /ˈlibɾa/, [ˈlib.ɾɐ]

NounEdit

libra

  1. pound (unit of mass or force/weight)

Related termsEdit