prize

EnglishEdit

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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English prise, from Old French prise (a taking, capture, a seizure, a thing seized, a prize, booty, also hold, purchase), from French prise, from pris, past participle of prendre (to take, to capture), from Latin prendere (to take, seize); see prehend. Compare prison, apprise, comprise, enterprise, purprise, reprisal, suprise, etc.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

prize (plural prizes)

  1. That which is taken from another; something captured; a thing seized by force, stratagem, or superior power.
    • Spenser
      His own prize, / Whom formerly he had in battle won.
  2. (military, nautical) Anything captured by a belligerent using the rights of war; especially, property captured at sea in virtue of the rights of war, as a vessel.
  3. An honour or reward striven for in a competitive contest; anything offered to be competed for, or as an inducement to, or reward of, effort.
    • Dryden
      I fought and conquered, yet have lost the prize.
  4. That which may be won by chance, as in a lottery.
  5. Anything worth striving for; a valuable possession held or in prospect.
    • Bible, Phil. iii. 14
      I press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.
  6. A contest for a reward; competition.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  7. A lever; a pry; also, the hold of a lever. Also spelled prise.
Derived termsEdit
Usage notesEdit

Do not confuse with price.

TranslationsEdit
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See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English prysen, from Old French priser (to set a price or value on, esteem, value), from pris (price), from Latin pretium (price, value); see price. Compare praise, appraise, apprize.

VerbEdit

prize (third-person singular simple present prizes, present participle prizing, simple past and past participle prized)

  1. To consider highly valuable; to esteem.
    • Shakespeare
      [I] do love, prize, honour you.
    • Dryden
      I prized your person, but your crown disdain.
  2. (obsolete) To set or estimate the value of; to appraise; to price; to rate.
    • Bible, Zech. xi. 13
      A goodly price that I was prized at.
    • Shakespeare
      I prize it [life] not a straw, but for mine honour.
  3. To move with a lever; to force up or open; to prise or pry.
  4. (obsolete) To compete in a prizefight.
TranslationsEdit

External linksEdit

Last modified on 29 March 2014, at 19:47