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See also: příze



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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English prise, from Old French prise (a taking, capture, a seizure, a thing seized, a prize, booty, also hold, purchase), from French prise, from pris, past participle of prendre (to take, to capture), from Latin prendere (to take, seize); see prehend. Compare price, prison, apprise, comprise, enterprise, purprise, reprisal, surprise, etc.



prize (plural prizes)

  1. That which is taken from another; something captured; a thing seized by force, stratagem, or superior power.
    • Spenser
      His own prize, / Whom formerly he had in battle won.
  2. (military, nautical) Anything captured by a belligerent using the rights of war; especially, property captured at sea in virtue of the rights of war, as a vessel.
  3. An honour or reward striven for in a competitive contest; anything offered to be competed for, or as an inducement to, or reward of, effort.
    • Dryden
      I fought and conquered, yet have lost the prize.
  4. That which may be won by chance, as in a lottery.
  5. Anything worth striving for; a valuable possession held or in prospect.
    • Bible, Phil. iii. 14
      I press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.
  6. A contest for a reward; competition.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  7. A lever; a pry; also, the hold of a lever. Also spelled prise.
Usage notesEdit

Do not confuse with price.

Derived termsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English prysen, from Old French priser (to set a price or value on, esteem, value), from pris (price), from Latin pretium (price, value); see price. Compare praise, appraise, apprize.


prize (third-person singular simple present prizes, present participle prizing, simple past and past participle prized)

  1. To consider highly valuable; to esteem.
    • Shakespeare
      [I] do love, prize, honour you.
    • Dryden
      I prized your person, but your crown disdain.
  2. (obsolete) To set or estimate the value of; to appraise; to price; to rate.
    • Bible, Zech. xi. 13
      A goodly price that I was prized at.
    • Shakespeare
      I prize it [life] not a straw, but for mine honour.
  3. To move with a lever; to force up or open; to prise or pry.
  4. (obsolete) To compete in a prizefight.

Etymology 3Edit


prize (not comparable)

  1. Having won a prize; award-winning.
    a prize vegetable
  2. first-rate; exceptional
    He was a prize fool.

Further readingEdit