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See also: Lever

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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A lever
 
A lever diagram

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Old French leveor, leveur (a lifter, lever (also Old French and French levier)), from Latin levator (a lifter), from levare, past part. levatus (to raise); see levant. Compare alleviate, elevate, leaven.

NounEdit

lever (plural levers)

  1. (obsolete, except in generalized senses below) A crowbar.
    • 1613, John Marston, William Barksted, The Insatiate Countess, IV.1:
      My lord, I brained him with a lever my neighbour lent me, and he stood by and cried, ‘Strike home, old boy!’
  2. (mechanics) A rigid piece which is capable of turning about one point, or axis (the fulcrum), and in which are two or more other points where forces are applied; — used for transmitting and modifying force and motion.
    1. Specifically, a bar of metal, wood or other rigid substance, used to exert a pressure, or sustain a weight, at one point of its length, by receiving a force or power at a second, and turning at a third on a fixed point called a fulcrum. It is usually named as the first of the six mechanical powers, and is of three kinds, according as either the fulcrum F, the weight W, or the power P, respectively, is situated between the other two, as in the figures.
  3. A small such piece to trigger or control a mechanical device (like a button).
  4. (mechanics) A bar, as a capstan bar, applied to a rotatory piece to turn it.
    • 2012 March 1, Henry Petroski, “Opening Doors”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 112-3:
      A doorknob of whatever roundish shape is effectively a continuum of levers, with the axis of the latching mechanism—known as the spindle—being the fulcrum about which the turning takes place.
  5. (mechanics) An arm on a rock shaft, to give motion to the shaft or to obtain motion from it.
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

VerbEdit

lever (third-person singular simple present levers, present participle levering, simple past and past participle levered)

  1. (transitive) To move with a lever.
    • 1938, George Orwell, Homage to Catalonia, Chapter 7,[2]
      Someone found a pick and levered a burst plank out of the floor, and in a few minutes we had got a fire alight and our drenched clothes were steaming.
    With great effort and a big crowbar I managed to lever the beam off the floor.
  2. (figuratively, transitive) To use, operate or move (something) like a lever (physically).
    • 1961, V. S. Naipaul, A House for Mr Biswas, Vintage International, 2001, Part Two, Chapter 1,
      Suddenly he had levered himself up from the sofa, rocking the lame man violently, and was walking towards the receptionist.
  3. (figuratively, transitive) To use (something) like a lever (in an abstract sense).
    • 2001, Joshua Cooper Ramo, “Bagging the Butcher,” Time, 9 April, 2001,[3]
      He was a man who levered his way from small-time communist hack to political power by tapping into the most potent vein of historical juice in the Balkans: nationalism.
    • 2013, Robert McCrum, “Biographies of the year — review,” The Guardian, 8 December, 2013,[4]
      Credited with pioneering the detective novel, Collins has attracted many biographers over the years, drawn to his extraordinary life and work in the hope of levering open a new understanding of the Victorian psyche.
  4. (chiefly Britain, finance) To increase the share of debt in the capitalization of a business.
    • 1989 June 26, “Corporate America wants its privacy”, in Minneapolis Star-Tribune:
      "The equity holders want you to 'lever up,' use as much debt as you can," said David Stanley, chairman of Kansas City-based Payless Cashways,
TranslationsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the Middle English comparative of leve (dear) of Germanic origin (compare German lieb) or lief.

AdverbEdit

lever (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Rather.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowed from French lever.

NounEdit

lever (plural levers)

  1. (rare) A levee.
    • 1742, Miss Robinson, Mrs. Delany's Letters, II.191:
      We do not appear at Phœbus's Levér.
    • 2011, Tim Blanning, "The reinvention of the night", Times Literary Supplement, 21 Sep 2011:
      Louis XIV’s day began with a lever at 9 and ended (officially) at around midnight.

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 lever” (US) / “lever” (UK) in Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford University Press.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 lever” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 lever” in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, ISBN 978-0-544-45445-3.

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

 
Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Danish liuær, from Old Norse lifr, from Proto-Germanic *librō, from Proto-Indo-European *leyp- (to smudge, stick), from *ley- (to be slimy, be sticky, glide).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /leːvər/, [leʊ̯ˀɐ]

NounEdit

lever c (singular definite leveren, plural indefinite levere)

  1. liver
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See leve (to live).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /leːvər/, [ˈleːʊ̯ɐ]

VerbEdit

lever

  1. present tense of leve

Etymology 3Edit

See levere (to deliver).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /leveːr/, [leˈʋeɐ̯ˀ]

VerbEdit

lever or levér

  1. imperative of levere

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈleːvər/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: le‧ver

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch levere, from Old Dutch *livara, from Proto-Germanic *librō.

NounEdit

lever f (plural levers, diminutive levertje n)

  1. liver
  2. edible animal liver as a dish or culinary ingredient
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Non-lemma forms.

VerbEdit

lever

  1. first-person singular present indicative of leveren
  2. imperative of leveren

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French lever, from Old French lever, from Latin levāre, present active infinitive of lēvō (to elevate), from levis (light, not heavy)

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

lever

  1. (transitive) to raise, to lift
  2. (reflexive) to rise, to stand up
  3. (reflexive) to get up (out of bed)
    Je me lève, je me lave.
    I get up, I wash.
  4. (reflexive, of fog, rain and etc) to clear, to lift

ConjugationEdit

This verb is conjugated mostly like the regular -er verbs (parler and chanter and so on), but the -e- /ə/ of the second-to-last syllable becomes -è- /ɛ/ when the next vowel is a silent or schwa -e-. For example, in the third-person singular present indicative, we have il lève rather than *il leve. Other verbs conjugated this way include acheter and mener. Related but distinct conjugations include those of appeler and préférer.

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

NounEdit

lever m (plural levers)

  1. the act of getting up in the morning

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

le- +‎ ver

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛvɛr]
  • Hyphenation: le‧ver

VerbEdit

lever

  1. (transitive) to knock down

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit


LatinEdit

Middle EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Comparative of leve (dear) of Germanic origin (compare German lieb) or lief.

AdverbEdit

lever

  1. Rather.
    For him was lever have at his bed's head
    Twenty bookes, clad in black or red,
    . . . Than robes rich, or fithel, or gay sawtrie.
    The Canterbury Tales, Geoffrey Chaucer
    But lever than this worldés good
    She would have wist how that it stood
    Tales of the Seven Deadly Sins, John Gower.

Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French lever.

VerbEdit

lever

  1. to lift

ConjugationEdit

  • Middle French conjugation varies from one text to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • (fr) Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (lever, supplement)

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse lifr, from Proto-Germanic *librō, from Proto-Indo-European *leyp- (to smudge, stick), from *ley- (to be slimy, be sticky, glide).

NounEdit

lever m, f (definite singular leveren or levra, indefinite plural levere or levre or levrer, definite plural leverne or levrene)

  1. (anatomy) a liver
  2. liver (eaten as food)

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

lever

  1. present tense of leve
  2. imperative of levere

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse lifr, from Proto-Germanic *librō, from Proto-Indo-European *leyp- (to smudge, stick), from *ley- (to be slimy, be sticky, glide). Akin to English liver.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lever f (definite singular levra, indefinite plural levrar or levrer, definite plural levrane or levrene)

  1. (anatomy) a liver
  2. liver (eaten as food)

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

lever

  1. present tense of leva

Further readingEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin lēvāre, present active infinitive of lēvō.

VerbEdit

lever

  1. to lift (up)
  2. (reflexive, se level) to get up (get out of bed)

ConjugationEdit

This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -er. The forms that would normally end in *-v, *-vs, *-vt are modified to f, s, t. This verb has a stressed present stem liev distinct from the unstressed stem lev. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

DescendantsEdit


Old SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse hleifr, from Proto-Germanic *hlaibaz.

NounEdit

lēver m

  1. loaf, bread

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit


SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse lifr, from Proto-Germanic *librō, from Proto-Indo-European *leyp- (to smudge, stick), from *ley- (to be slimy, be sticky, glide).

NounEdit

lever c

  1. (anatomy) a liver
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

lever

  1. present tense of leva.