From Middle English raundon, from Old French randon, from randir (“to gallop”) (whence French randonnée (“long walk, hike”)), from Frankish *rant, *rand (“a running”), from Proto-Germanic *randijō (“a running”), from Proto-Germanic *rinnaną (“to run”), from Proto-Indo-European *ren- (“to rise; to sink”). See run.
random (countable and uncountable, plural randoms)
- A roving motion; course without definite direction; lack of rule or method; chance.
- (obsolete) Speed, full speed; impetuosity, force. [14th-17thc.]
- 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter x, in Le Morte Darthur, book I:
- they were messagers vnto kyng Ban & Bors sent from kynge Arthur / therfor said the viij knyghtes ye shalle dye or be prysoners / for we ben knyghtes of kyng Claudas And therwith two of them dressid theire sperys / and Vlfyus and Brastias dressid theire speres and ranne to gyder with grete raundon
1548, Edward Hall, Chronicle, page 617:
- […] for coragiously the two kynges newely fought with great randon and force, they shewed their vigors and strengthes and so did nobly that their coūter parties had none aduaūtage.
- (obsolete) The full range of a bullet or other projectile; hence, the angle at which a weapon is tilted to allow the greatest range. [16th-19thc.]
- 1624, John Smith, Generall Historie, in Kupperman 1988, page 144:
- Fortie yards will they shoot levell, or very neare the marke, and 120 is their best at Random.
1644, Sir Kenelm Digby, Two Treatises, page 125:
- […] the angle at which the miſſive is to mount by ( if we will have it go to its furtheſt randome ) muſt be the half of a right one […]
- (figuratively, colloquial) An undefined, unknown or unimportant person; a person of no consequence. [from 20thc.]
The party was boring. It was full of randoms.
- (mining) The direction of a rake-vein.
obsolete: speed, full speed; impetuosity, force
random (comparative more random, superlative most random)
- Having unpredictable outcomes and, in the ideal case, all outcomes equally probable; resulting from such selection; lacking statistical correlation.
- The flip of a fair coin is purely random.
- The newspaper conducted a random sample of five hundred American teenagers.
- The results of the field survey look random by several different measures.
- July 18 2012, Scott Tobias, AV Club The Dark Knight Rises
- Where the Joker preys on our fears of random, irrational acts of terror, Bane has an all-consuming, dictatorial agenda that’s more stable and permanent, a New World Order that’s been planned out with the precision of a military coup.
- (mathematics) Of or relating to probability distribution.
- A toss of loaded dice is still random, though biased.
- (computing) Pseudorandom; mimicking the result of random selection.
- The rand function generates a random number from a seed.
- (somewhat colloquial) Representative and undistinguished; typical and average; selected for no particular reason.
- A random American off the street couldn't tell the difference.
- (somewhat colloquial) Apropos of nothing; lacking context; unexpected; having apparent lack of plan, cause, or reason.
- That was a completely random comment.
- The teacher's bartending story was interesting, but random.
- The narrative takes a random course.
- (colloquial) Characterized by or often saying random things; habitually using non sequiturs.
- You're so random!
terms derived from random (adjective)
all outcomes being unpredictable
- Irish: fánach, teagmhasach
- Italian: casuale (it), fortuito (it) m
- Japanese: (formal) 任意の (ja) (にんいの, nin'i no), (informal) 適当な (ja) (てきとうな, tekitō na)
- Korean: please add this translation if you can
- Luxembourgish: zoufälleg
- Macedonian: случаен m (slučaen)
- Malay: rawak (ms)
- Maori: tupurangi
- Mongolian: таамгаар (taamgaar)
- Norwegian: tilfeldig (no), tilfellelig, tilfelleleg
- Persian: تصادفی (fa) (tasâdofi)
- Polish: przypadkowy (pl) m, losowy (pl) m
- Portuguese: aleatório (pt)
- Romanian: aleatoriu (ro) m, aleatorie f, întâmplător (ro) m, întâmplătoare f
- Russian: случа́йный (ru) (slučájnyj)
- Serbo-Croatian: nasumice (sh), proizvoljno (sh)
- Spanish: aleatorio (es)
- Swedish: slumpmässig (sv)
- Thai: please add this translation if you can
- Turkish: rastgele (tr), gelişigüzel (tr)
- Vietnamese: please add this translation if you can
- Welsh: ar hap
mathematics: of or relating to probability distribution
apropos of nothing
- Czech: nesouvisející m
- Danish: overflødig (da), ligegyldig
- Finnish: satunnainen (fi), asiaankuulumaton (fi), irrallinen (fi)
- French: sans queue ni tête (fr), incohérent (fr)
- Japanese: 適当な (ja) (てきとうな, tekitō na), 出任せの (でまかせの, demakase no), 勝手気ままな (かってきままな, katte-kimama na), 不可解な (ふかかいな, fukakai na)
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked