From earlier randon, from Middle English randoun, raundon, from Old French randon, from randir (“to run, gallop”) (whence French randonnée (“long walk, hike”)), from Frankish *rant, *rand (“run”, noun), from Proto-Germanic *randijō, from *rinnaną (“run”, verb), from Proto-Indo-European *(H)r̥-nw- (“to flow, move, run”). See run.
random (countable and uncountable, plural randoms)
- A roving motion; course without definite direction; lack of rule or method; chance.
1648, Robert Herrick, Hesperides, London: H. G. Clarke and Co., published 1844, page 134:
Still take advice ; though counsels, when they fly / At random, sometimes hit most happily.
- (obsolete) Speed, full speed; impetuosity, force. [14th-17thc.]
- Synonyms: force, momentum, speed, velocity
1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter X, in Le Morte Darthur, book I (in Middle English): they were messagers vnto kyng Ban & Bors sent from kynge Arthur / therfor said the viij knyghtes ye shalle dye or be prysoners / for we ben knyghtes of kyng Claudas And therwith two of them dressid theire sperys / and Vlfyus and Brastias dressid theire speres and ranne to gyder with grete raundon
- (please add an English translation of this quote)
1548, Edward Hall, “The triumphant reigne of Kyng Henry the VIII”, in The Union of the two noble and Illustre Famelies of Lancastre and Yorke (Hall’s Chronicle), page 82v:
[…] for coragiouſly the two kynges newely foughte with great randon and force, they ſhewed their vigors and ſtrengthes and did ſo nobly that their coũter parties had none aduaũtage.
- (obsolete) The full range of a bullet or other projectile; hence, the angle at which a weapon is tilted to allow the greatest range. [16th-19thc.]
- 1624, John Smith, Generall Historie, in Kupperman 1988, page 144:
- Fortie yards will they shoot levell, or very neare the marke, and 120 is their best at Random.
1644, Sir Kenelm Digby, Two Treatises, page 125: […] the angle at which the miſſive is to mount by ( if we will have it go to its furtheſt randome ) muſt be the half of a right one […]
- (figuratively, colloquial) An undefined, unknown or unimportant person; a person of no consequence. [from 20thc.]
- Synonyms: rando, nobody, nonentity
The party was boring. It was full of randoms.
- (mining) The direction of a rake-vein.
- (printing, historical) A frame for composing type.
- 1935, Newspaper World (issues 1930-1955, page 41)
- Utilization of all floor space underneath case racks and randoms is another feature of the modern composing room; […]
- 2002, Republic of Korea (issue 2, page 502)
- Printers' frames and randoms
obsolete: speed, full speed; impetuosity, force
random (comparative more random, superlative most random)
- Having unpredictable outcomes and, in the ideal case, all outcomes equally probable; resulting from such selection; lacking statistical correlation.
- Synonym: aleatory
The flip of a fair coin is purely random.
The newspaper conducted a random sample of five hundred American teenagers.
The results of the field survey look random by several different measures.
- July 18 2012, Scott Tobias, AV Club The Dark Knight Rises
- Where the Joker preys on our fears of random, irrational acts of terror, Bane has an all-consuming, dictatorial agenda that’s more stable and permanent, a New World Order that’s been planned out with the precision of a military coup.
- (mathematics) Of or relating to probability distribution.
- Synonym: stochastic
A toss of loaded dice is still random, though biased.
- (computing) Pseudorandom; mimicking the result of random selection.
- Synonym: pseudorandom
The rand function generates a random number from a seed.
- (somewhat colloquial) Representative and undistinguished; typical and average; selected for no particular reason.
- Synonyms: average, typical
A random American off the street couldn't tell the difference.
- (somewhat colloquial) Apropos of nothing; lacking context; unexpected; having apparent lack of plan, cause, or reason.
- Synonyms: arbitrary, unexpected, unplanned
That was a completely random comment.
The teacher's bartending story was interesting, but random.
The narrative takes a random course.
- (colloquial) Characterized by or often saying random things; habitually using non sequiturs.
You're so random!
all outcomes being unpredictable
- Afrikaans: willekeurig
- Arabic: عَشْوَائِيّ (ʿašwāʾiyy)
- Armenian: պատահական (hy) (patahakan)
- Bashkir: осраҡлы (osraqlï)
- Bulgarian: случаен (bg) (slučaen)
- Catalan: aleatori (ca)
- Mandarin: 隨機 (zh), 随机 (zh) (suíjī)
- Czech: náhodný (cs) m
- Danish: tilfældig
- Dutch: willekeurig (nl), toevallig (nl), lukraak (nl)
- Esperanto: aleatora, arbitra (eo), hazarda
- Estonian: juhuslik (et), suvaline
- Faroese: tilvildarligur
- Finnish: satunnainen (fi)
- French: aléatoire (fr)
- Georgian: შემთხვევითი (šemtxveviti), არეული (areuli), თვითნებითი (tvitnebiti), ქაოსური (kaosuri), უწესრიგო (uc̣esrigo)
- German: zufällig (de)
- Greek: τυχαίος (el) m (tychaíos)
- Ancient: εἰκαῖος (eikaîos)
- Hebrew: אקראי (he) m (akraí)
- Hindi: यादृच्छिक (hi) (yādŕcchik)
- Hungarian: véletlenszerű (hu), véletlen (hu), random (hu)
- Ido: hazarda (io)
- Indonesian: acak (id)
- Irish: fánach, teagmhasach
- Italian: casuale (it), fortuito (it) m
- Japanese: (formal) 任意の (ja) (にんいの, nin'i no), (informal) 適当な (ja) (てきとうな, tekitō na)
- Korean: please add this translation if you can
- Latin: fortuītus
- Luxembourgish: zoufälleg
- Macedonian: случаен m (slučaen)
- Malay: rawak (ms)
- Maori: tupurangi
- Mongolian: таамгаар (taamgaar)
- Norwegian: tilfeldig (no), tilfellelig, tilfelleleg
- Persian: تصادفی (fa) (tasâdofi)
- Polish: przypadkowy (pl) m, losowy (pl) m
- Portuguese: aleatório (pt)
- Romanian: aleatoriu (ro) m, aleatorie f, întâmplător (ro) m, întâmplătoare f
- Russian: случа́йный (ru) (slučájnyj), рандо́мный (ru) (randómnyj) (special or colloquial)
- Serbo-Croatian: nasumice (sh), proizvoljno (sh)
- Slovak: náhodný
- Sicilian: a muzzu, com'è-è
- Spanish: aleatorio (es)
- Swedish: slumpmässig (sv)
- Thai: please add this translation if you can
- Tigrinya: ዘፈቀዳዊ (zäfäḳädawi)
- Turkish: rastgele (tr), gelişigüzel (tr)
- Ukrainian: випадко́вий (uk) (vypadkóvyj)
- Vietnamese: please add this translation if you can
- Welsh: ar hap
mathematics: of or relating to probability distribution
apropos of nothing
- Czech: nesouvisející m
- Danish: overflødig (da), ligegyldig
- Finnish: satunnainen (fi), asiaankuulumaton (fi), irrallinen (fi)
- French: sans queue ni tête (fr), incohérent (fr)
- German: random (de)
- Japanese: 適当な (ja) (てきとうな, tekitō na), 出任せの (でまかせの, demakase no), 勝手気ままな (かってきままな, katte-kimama na), 不可解な (ja) (ふかかいな, fukakai na)
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked