English edit

Etymology edit

From earlier randon, from Middle English randoun, raundon, from Old French randon, from randir (to run, gallop) (whence French randonnée (long walk, hike)), from Frankish *randiju (a run, race) or Old Norse rend (a run, race), both from Proto-Germanic *randijō, from *rinnaną (run, verb), from Proto-Indo-European *(H)r̥-nw- (to flow, move, run). Cognate with Middle Low German uprinden (to jump up), Danish rende (to run). See run.

Pronunciation edit

  • enPR: răn'dəm, IPA(key): /ˈɹændəm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ændəm

Noun edit

random (countable and uncountable, plural randoms)

  1. A roving motion; course without definite direction; lack of rule or method; chance.
  2. (obsolete) Speed, full speed; impetuosity, force. [14th–17th c.]
    Synonyms: force, momentum, speed, velocity
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter X, in Le Morte Darthur, book I:
      they were messagers vnto kyng Ban & Bors sent from kynge Arthur / therfor said the viij knyghtes ye shalle dye or be prysoners / for we ben knyghtes of kyng Claudas And therwith two of them dressid theire sperys / and Vlfyus and Brastias dressid theire speres and ranne to gyder with grete raundon
      they were messengers unto King Ban and Bors sent from King Arthur. Therefore, said the eight knights, ye shall die or be prisoners, for we be knights of King Claudas. And therewith two of them dressed their spears, and Ulfius and Brastias dressed their spears, and ran together with great random.
    • 1548, Edward Hall, “The triumphant reigne of Kyng Henry the VIII”, in The Union of the two noble and Illustre Famelies of Lancastre and Yorke (Hall’s Chronicle), page 82v:
      [] for coragiouſly the two kynges newely foughte with great randon and force, they ſhewed their vigors and ſtrengthes and did ſo nobly that their coũter parties had none aduaũtage.
  3. (obsolete) The full range of a bullet or other projectile; hence, the angle at which a weapon is tilted to allow the greatest range. [16th–19th c.]
    • 1624, John Smith, Generall Historie, Kupperman, published 1988, page 144:
      Fortie yards will they shoot levell, or very neare the marke, and 120 is their best at Random.
    • 1644, Sir Kenelm Digby, Two Treatises, page 125:
      [] the angle at which the miſſive is to mount by ( if we will have it go to its furtheſt randome ) muſt be the half of a right one []
  4. (figuratively, colloquial) An undefined, unknown or unimportant person; a person of no consequence. [from 20th c.]
    Synonyms: rando, nobody, nonentity
    The party was boring. It was full of randoms.
  5. (mining) The direction of a rake-vein.
  6. (printing, historical) A frame for composing type.
    • 1935, Newspaper World, numbers 1930-1955, page 41:
      Utilization of all floor space underneath case racks and randoms is another feature of the modern composing room; []
    • 2002, Republic of Korea, number 2, page 502:
      Printers' frames and randoms

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Adjective edit

random (comparative more random, superlative most random)

  1. Occurring for no particular reason; haphazard, unpredictable.
    Our city is plagued by random acts of violence.
    random acts of kindness
  2. (statistics) Involving an outcome which is impossible to predict, but which may be represented by a probability distribution; in the ideal case, involving outcomes which are equally likely.
    Near-synonyms: aleatory, stochastic
    The flip of a fair coin is purely random.
    The newspaper conducted a random sample of five hundred American teenagers.
    The results of the field survey look random by several different measures.
    A toss of a loaded die is still random, though biased.
    • July 18 2012, Scott Tobias, AV Club The Dark Knight Rises[1]
      Where the Joker preys on our fears of random, irrational acts of terror, Bane has an all-consuming, dictatorial agenda that’s more stable and permanent, a New World Order that’s been planned out with the precision of a military coup.
  3. (computing) Pseudorandom; mimicking the result of random selection.
    The rand function generates a random number from a seed.
  4. (informal) Selected for no particular reason; arbitrary; unspecified.
    A random American off the street couldn't tell the difference.
    You're just going to trust the word of random people on the Internet?
    I didn't have time to peruse the resturant's menu, so I just ordered some random dish.
    Whatever random hobby you're into, there's an Internet community for it.
  5. (informal) Being (part of) a varied, unrelated, and apparently arbitrary collection of things; diverse, heterogeneous.
    My notebook has turned into a random collection of thoughts.
    I brought a bunch of random snacks, but nothing nutritious.
    I mixed a bunch of random vegetables into a salad, and it actually turned out pretty good.
  6. (informal) Apropos of nothing; lacking context, relevance, or any connection to the previous situation; unexpected.
    This random guy just came up to me to say that he was a fan of my work.
    Thank you for that completely random comment... now, let's get back to our actual topic of discussion.
    The teacher's bartending story was interesting, but very random.
    I feel like pineapple is a very random thing to put on a pizza.
  7. (informal) Of a person: characterized by or often saying random things; habitually using non sequiturs.
    You're so random! I never know what you're going to do next.
  8. (UK, slang) Being out of the ordinary; unusual or unexpected; odd, strange, bizarre.
    That's a rather random fact!
    I can't believe he would say that. That's so random!

Derived terms edit

terms derived from random (adjective)

Descendants edit

  • German: random
  • Hungarian: random

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English random.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ʁɑ̃.dɔm/, /ʁan.dɔm/

Adjective edit

random (plural randoms)

  1. (colloquial, chiefly youth slang) random (apropos of nothing, lacking context)

Noun edit

random m or f (plural randoms)

  1. (colloquial, chiefly youth slang) random person; random guy, rando
    un random sur interneta rando on the Internet

German edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English random.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

random (indeclinable) (colloquial, chiefly youth slang)

  1. random (selected for no particular reason)
    Synonym: beliebig
    • 2022 November 28, Carolina Schwarz, “Social-Media-App BeReal: Solange es noch schön ist”, in Die Tageszeitung: taz[2], →ISSN:
      Das Prinzip ist simpel: Einmal am Tag zu einer random Uhrzeit erscheint bei allen Nutzer*innen eine Pushnachricht, dazu startet ein Zweiminutencountdown.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • 2023 January 29, Michael Brake, “Auf der Grünen Woche in Berlin: Im Sog der Häppchen”, in Die Tageszeitung: taz[3], →ISSN:
      Manche Länder haben dabei einen zentralen Auftritt, andere ein Sammelsurium aus vielen Einzelanbietern; es sind aber ohnehin nicht alle Länder da, nicht einmal alle Bundesländer. Es ist letztlich ziemlich random, beliebig, was hier geboten wird.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  2. random (apropos of nothing, lacking context)
  3. random (often saying random things)

Further reading edit

Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

From English random.[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈrɒndom]
  • Hyphenation: ran‧dom
  • Rhymes: -om

Adjective edit

random (comparative randomabb, superlative legrandomabb)

  1. random
    Synonyms: véletlen, véletlenszerű
  2. (informal) undistinguished, average, arbitrary, whichever, any
    Synonyms: tetszőleges, akármelyik, akármilyen, bármelyik, bármilyen

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative random randomok
accusative randomot randomokat
dative randomnak randomoknak
instrumental randommal randomokkal
causal-final randomért randomokért
translative randommá randomokká
terminative randomig randomokig
essive-formal randomként randomokként
essive-modal
inessive randomban randomokban
superessive randomon randomokon
adessive randomnál randomoknál
illative randomba randomokba
sublative randomra randomokra
allative randomhoz randomokhoz
elative randomból randomokból
delative randomról randomokról
ablative randomtól randomoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
randomé randomoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
randoméi randomokéi

References edit

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from English random.

Noun edit

random m pers

  1. (colloquial, slang) random, rando (undefined, unknown, or unimportant person; a person of no consequence)
    Z randomami z neta nie gadam.I don't talk to randos on the Internet.
Declension edit
Related terms edit
adjectives
adverbs

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

random m animal

  1. dative plural of rand

Further reading edit

  • random in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • random at Obserwatorium językowe Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego

Spanish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English random.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈrandom/ [ˈrãn̪.d̪õm]
  • Rhymes: -andom
  • Syllabification: ran‧dom

Adjective edit

random m or f (masculine and feminine plural randoms)

  1. (Internet slang, youth slang, colloquial) random
    Synonyms: aleatorio, al azar, estocástico

Noun edit

random m or f (plural randoms)

  1. (Internet slang, youth slang, colloquial) random person; random guy, rando

References edit