Last modified on 19 June 2014, at 05:17

水銀

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

EtymologyEdit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

水銀

  1. (chemistry) mercury, quicksilver

JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
すい
Grade: 1
ぎん
Grade: 3
on'yomi
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

水銀

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese compound 水銀 (sywijX ngin), literally “water (i.e. liquid) silver”. Compare modern Mandarin traditional 水銀 and simplified 水银 (shuǐyín).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

水銀 (hiragana すいぎん, romaji suigin)

  1. (chemical element) mercury, Hg, quicksilver
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
みず
Grade: 1
かね > がね
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Compound of (mizu, water) +‎ (kane, metal, silver). The kane changes to gane due to rendaku (連濁). Appears in the Wamyō Ruijushō Japanese dictionary of 938 CE as mizukane, suggesting that the shift to rendaku is more recent.[1][4]

Obsolete in modern Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

水銀 (hiragana みずがね, romaji mizugane, historical hiragana みづがね)

  1. (chemical element, obsolete) mercury, Hg, quicksilver
Usage notesEdit

The mizugane reading is largely obsolete in modern Japanese; suigin is the standard reading.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  4. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

NounEdit

水銀 (sueun) (hangeul 수은)

  1. Hanja form? of 수은, “mercury”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

水銀

  1. Hán tự form of thủy ngân, "mercury"