TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a vibrating string, hence “frequency”. Early forms (oracle, bronze) were a figure 8 (the vibrating string), short verticals at the top and bottom (the ends of the string), together with 4 marks on the sides (2 on each side), indicating vibrations. These have been retained to the present form, while the horizontal lines at top and bottom were added in seal script.

Compare top of and bottom of , both of which came from similar figure 8 patterns.

Han characterEdit

(radical 95 +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜戈人十 (YIOJ), four-corner 00403)

  1. to lead
  2. ratio
  3. rate
  4. limit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 725, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20817
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1135, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 289, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+7387

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Yale leut6, seut1)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana りつ, romaji ritsu)

  1. rate, ratio

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sol, ryul, yul) (hangeul [[, , ]], revised sol, ryul, yul, McCune-Reischauer sol, ryul, yul, Yale sol, lyul, yul)


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin (lü4), lüè (lüe4), shuài (shuai4), Wade-Giles 4, lüeh4, shuai4)


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(luì, shruit)


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(suất, chuốt, sót, suốt, sút, thoắt)

Last modified on 17 February 2014, at 07:38