矛盾

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: S
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 矛盾 (/mjuw dwonX/), literally (lance, spear) + (shield).

From an anecdote in the book Han Feizi, c. 2nd century BC, illustrating a contradiction:

楚人有鬻楯與矛者 譽之曰 吾楯之堅 莫能陷也 又譽其矛曰 吾矛 之利 於物無不陷也 或曰 以子之矛陷子之楯 何如 其人弗能應也.
There was a man in Chu who sold shields and spears. Praising the shields he said: 'My shields are so strong that nothing can pierce them.' And praising the spears he said: 'My spears are so strong that there is nothing that they cannot pierce.' A person asked: 'What if someone pierces your shields with your spears?' He could not respond.

NounEdit

矛盾 (hiragana むじゅん, romaji mujun)

  1. a contradiction, an inconsistency, a paradox

Alternative formsEdit

  • 矛楯

SynonymsEdit


MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin máodùn
Zhuyin ㄇㄠˊ ㄉㄨㄣˋ
IPA (key) /mɑʊ̯³⁵ tu̯ən⁵¹/
Audio
(file)

NounEdit

矛盾 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin máodùn)

  1. contradiction, conflict
  2. (logic) paradox

AdjectiveEdit

矛盾 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin máodùn)

  1. conflicted, vacillating between two options
    他的心里很矛盾.
    Tā de xīnlǐ hěn máodùn.
    He is feeling really conflicted inside.
Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 16:51