Last modified on 3 November 2014, at 18:49

矛盾

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

矛盾

  1. contradiction
  2. problem; issue; conflict
  3. (logic) paradox

AdjectiveEdit

矛盾

  1. conflicted, vacillating between two options
    他的心里很矛盾.
    Tā de xīnlǐ hěn máodùn.
    He is feeling really conflicted inside.

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: S
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 矛盾 (mjuw dwonX), literally (lance, spear) + (shield).

From an anecdote in the book Han Feizi, c. 2nd century BC, illustrating a contradiction[1][2]:

楚人有鬻楯與矛者 譽之曰 吾楯之堅 莫能陷也 又譽其矛曰 吾矛 之利 於物無不陷也 或曰 以子之矛陷子之楯 何如 其人弗能應也.
There was a man in Chu who sold shields and spears. Praising the shields he said: 'My shields are so strong that nothing can pierce them.' And praising the spears he said: 'My spears are so strong that there is nothing that they cannot pierce.' A person asked: 'What if someone pierces your shields with your spears?' He could not respond.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

矛盾 (hiragana むじゅん, romaji mujun)

  1. a contradiction, an inconsistency, a paradox

SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

矛盾 + する (hiragana むじゅんする, romaji mujun suru)

  1. to be inconsistent, to be in contradiction, to be incompatible with
     (かれ)今日主張 (きょうしゅちょう)する内容 (ないよう)昨日 (きのう)行動 (こうどう)矛盾 (むじゅん)している。
    Kare ga kyō shuchō suru naiyō wa kinō no kōdō to mujun shite iru.
    What he's going on about today isn't compatible with his behavior yesterday. → What he's saying today doesn't jive with what he did yesterday.

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9