Bulgarian

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Etymology

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From earlier тѣ. Formed under the influence of тѣхъ (těxŭ), тѣмъ (těmŭ), тѣми (těmi).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [tɛ]
  • Audio:(file)

Pronoun

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те (te) (personal)

  1. They; the third-person plural pronoun in the nominative case, used as the subject of a verb.
    Те току-що пристигнаха.
    Te toku-što pristignaha.
    They have just arrived.
    Те са по-ниски от мен.
    Te sa po-niski ot men.
    They are shorter than me.
  2. short form of the second-person singular pronoun in the accusative case, used as the direct object of a verb; you
    Обичам те.
    Običam te.
    I love you.
    Може ли да те попитам нещо?
    Može li da te popitam nešto?
    Can I ask you something?
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Eastern Mari

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /te/
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Hyphenation: те

Pronoun

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те (te)

  1. (personal) you (plural and/or formal)
    те марла кутыреда?
    te marla kutyreda?
    do you speak Mari?
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pronouns

References

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  • J. Bradley et al. (2023) “те”, in The Mari Web Project: Mari-English Dictionary, University of Vienna

Erzya

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Etymology

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From Proto-Mordvinic *ťä~*tä, from Proto-Uralic *tä (this). Cognate with Moksha тя (ťa), Finnish tämä, Estonian tema, Skolt Sami tät, Udmurt та (ta), Hungarian teg- in tegnap, Tundra Nenets тей (ťej).

Pronunciation

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  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Pronoun

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те (ťe)

  1. this
    Мон важодян те столенть экшсэ.
    Mon važoďan ťe stoľenť ekšse.
    I work at this desk.
    • 1865, Ferdinand Johann Wiedemann, Das Evangelium des Matthäus ersamordwinisch, page 29:
      I tuź kuľa tede vese te mastorga.
      News of this spread through all that region.
      (literally, “[...] through all this region.”)

Declension

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Declension of те (ťe)
singular plural
nominative те (ťe) неть (ńeť), не (ńe), нетне (ńetńe)
genitive тень (ťeń) нетнень (ńetńeń), нень (ńeń)
dative тенень (ťeńeń) нетненень (ńetńeńeń), ненень (ńeńeń)
ablative теде (ťeďe) нетнеде (ńetńeďe), ненде (ńenďe)
inessive теньсэ (ťeńse), тень эйсэ (ťeń ejse) нетнесэ (ńetńese), неньсэ (ńeńse)
elative теньстэ (ťeńste), тень эйстэ (ťeń ejste) нетнестэ (ńetńeste), неньстэ (ńeńste)
illative теньс (ťeńs), тень эйс (ťeń ejs) нетнес (ńetńes), неньс (ńeńs)
prolative теньга (ťeńga), тень эзга (ťeń ezga) нетнева (ńetńeva), неньга (ńeńga)
translative текс (ťeks) нетнекс (ńetńeks), ненькс (ńeńks)
abessive тентеме (ťenťeme) нетневтеме (ńetńevťeme), нентеме (ńenťeme)
comparative теньшка (ťeńška) нетнешка (ńetńeška), неньшка (ńeńška)

References

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  • B. A. Serebrennikov, R. N. Buzakova, M. V. Mosin (1993) “те”, in Эрзянь-рузонь валкс [Erzya-Russian dictionary], Moscow: Русский язык, →ISBN
  • Entry #1034 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics.
  • Keresztes, László (1986) Geschichte der mordwinischen Konsonantismus II. Etymologisches Belegmaterial[1], Szeged: Studia Uralo-Altaica 26.

Macedonian

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Pronunciation

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Conjunction

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те (te)

  1. at times... at other times...
  2. now... now... (indicates two alternating situations)

Pronoun

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те (te)

  1. Short direct object form of ти (ti).

Russian

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Pronunciation

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Determiner

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те (tepl (demonstrative)

  1. inflection of тот (tot):
    1. nominative plural
    2. inanimate accusative plural

Pronoun

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те (tepl (demonstrative)

  1. inflection of тот (tot):
    1. nominative plural
    2. inanimate accusative plural

Serbo-Croatian

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Etymology 1

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Pronoun

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те (Latin spelling te)

  1. of you (clitic genitive singular of ти̑ (you))
  2. you (clitic accusative singular of ти̑ (you))
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *ta. Compare Ukrainian та (ta).

Conjunction

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те (Latin spelling te)

  1. and

Etymology

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From Aghwan 𐔸𐔴 (te).

Determiner

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те (te)

  1. no
    -Ви баба арене? -Те.
    -Have your dad arrived? -No

Further reading

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  • Gippert J., Schulze W., Aleksidze Z., Mahé J.-P., editors (2009), The Caucasian Albanian Palimpsests of Mount Sinai (Monumenta Palaeographica Medii Aevi: Series Ibero-Caucasica; 2), volume 1, Turnhout: Brepols, →ISBN, page II-55
  • Gukasjan, Vorošil (1974) “те”, in Удинско-азербайджанско-русский словарь [Udi–Azerbaijani–Russian Dictionary]‎[2], Baku: Academy Press, page 204

Ukrainian

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Pronunciation

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Determiner

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те (te)

  1. nominative/accusative neuter singular of той (toj)