See also: ترخ‎, ترح, and ترج

ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ(burgāʾ), from Middle Persian [script needed] (burg), or from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

بُرْج (burjm (dual بُرْجَان(burjān), plural بُرُوج(burūj) or أَبْرَاج(ʾabrāj))

  1. castle
  2. citadel
  3. tower
    بُرْج خَلِيفَة(burj ḵalīfa, Khalifa Tower) (dialect: borǰ khalīfa), initially named بُرْج دُبَيّ(burj dubayy, Dubai Tower).
  4. constellation
    609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 4:176:
    تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي جَعَلَ فِي السَّمَاءِ بُرُوجًا وَجَعَلَ فِيهَا سِرَاجًا وَقَمَرًا مُنِيرًا
    tabāraka allaḏī jaʿala fī s-samāʾi burūjan wajaʿala fīhā sirājan waqamaran munīran
    Blessed is He who has placed in the sky great stars and placed therein a [burning] lamp and luminous moon.
  5. spire
  6. asterism
  7. zodiac
  8. sign of the zodiac
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

بَرِجَ (barija) I, non-past يَبْرَجُ‎‎ (yabraju)

  1. to be or become apparent, manifest or conspicuous, and high or elevated
  2. to have large, beautiful eyes where the white entirely surrounds the black
  3. (of one's condition) to become ample in respect of eating and drinking
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

بَرَج (barajm

  1. verbal noun of بَرِجَ (barija) (form I)
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Баранов, Х. К. (2011) , “برج”, in Большой арабско-русский словарь (Bolʹšoj arabsko-russkij slovarʹ), 11th edition, Москва: Живой язык, →ISBN
  • Corriente, Federico; Pereira, Christophe; Vicente, Angeles, editors (2017) Dictionnaire du faisceau dialectal arabe andalou. Perspectives phraséologiques et étymologiques (in French), Berlin: De Gruyter, →ISBN, page 118
  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881) , “برج”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 1, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 64b
  • Freytag, Georg (1830) , “برج”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 103
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860) , “برج”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, pages 105–106
  • Lane, Edward William (1863) , “برج”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 180
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “برج”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 63

AzerbaijaniEdit

NounEdit

برج (bürc)

  1. Alternative spelling of بۆرج

Central KurdishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic بُرْج(burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ(burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), with cognates including Persian برز(borz), Sanskrit बृहत् (bṛhát, lofty, high, tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high) and Old English burg.

NounEdit

بِرج (birc)

  1. tower
  2. zodiac

Ottoman TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic بُرْج(burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ(burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high).

NounEdit

برج (burc)

  1. tower
  2. constellation
  3. zodiac
  4. sign of the zodiac

DescendantsEdit


PashtoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic بُرْج(burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ(burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), with cognates including Persian برز(borz), Sanskrit बृहत् (bṛhát, lofty, high, tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high) and Old English burg.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

برج (brajm (plural برجونه(brajuna))

  1. tower

DeclensionEdit


PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Arabicized form of Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ(burgāʾ), possibly from Middle Persian [script needed] (burg), or from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), with cognates including Persian برز(borz), Sanskrit बृहत् (bṛhát, lofty, high, tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high) and Old English burg.

NounEdit

برج (borj) (plural برج‌ها(borj-hâ) or بروج‎)

Dari Persian برج
Iranian Persian
Tajik бурҷ (burj)
  1. steeple
  2. tower
  3. pylon
  4. column
  5. peel, keep
  6. fort, castle
  7. pinnacle
  8. dovecote
  9. star
  10. constellation
  11. zodiac
  12. sign of the zodiac

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


PunjabiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic بُرْج(burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ(burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high).

NounEdit

بُرج (burjm (Gurmukhi spelling ਬੁਰਜ)

  1. bastion
  2. tower
  3. turret
  4. constellation
  5. sign of the zodiac

UrduEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic بُرْج(burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ(burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high).

NounEdit

برج (burjm (Hindi spelling बुर्ज)

  1. bastion
  2. tower
  3. turret
  4. constellation
  5. sign of the zodiac