(Redirected from )
See also: , , , , , , , and
U+9B25, 鬥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9B25

[U+9B24]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9B26]
U+2FBE, ⾾
KANGXI RADICAL FIGHT

[U+2FBD]
Kangxi Radicals ⾿
[U+2FBF]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional 鬥/

Han characterEdit

(radical 191, +0, 10 strokes, cangjie input 中弓 (LN), four-corner 77114, composition𩰋)

  1. Kangxi radical #191, .

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1457, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45632
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1989, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4515, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9B25

ChineseEdit

trad. /
simp. *
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Pictogram (象形) — two figures face-to-face, fighting with bare hands. Some oracle script characters of show that both of their hair are bristled. The character shape resembles 𠨭 and opposite each other.

and are original characters of this form; forms with the similar-looking radical ("door") were non-standard variants.

Simplified form was derived via the variant form .

is also one of the 324 simplified characters introduced by the Republic of China (Kuomintang government) in 1935 as the simplified form of .

EtymologyEdit

Conflation of two roots "to fight" and "to meet", and the merger has been attested since ancient times.

"to fight"
Probably from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *daw (to defy, interfere, be at enmity with), which is the source of Tibetan སྡོ (sdo, to bear up against, bid defiance) and Burmese တော့ (tau., to resent an insinuation, interfere in a quarrel).
"to meet"
Schuessler (2007) considers this cognate with (OC *tjos, “to apply; to be touched; to bring together; to join”); see there for more.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • tàu - vernacular;
  • tiò/tò͘ - literary.
Note:
  • dou3 - literary;
  • dao3 - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (137)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /təuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /təuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /təuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /təwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /tuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /təuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tə̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dòu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    dau3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dòu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tuwH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tˁok-s/
    English quarrel, wrangle

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2481
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*toːɡs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to fight, to struggle
      /   ―  zhēngdòu  ―  to fight
      /   ―  zhàndòu  ―  battle
    2. to make animals fight
      /   ―  dòu  ―  cockfighting
      /   ―  dòuniú  ―  bull-fight
    3. to contend, to compete with
      /   ―  dòuzhēng  ―  conflict
      /   ―  dòuzuǐ  ―  to squabble
      • /   ―  dòuzhì  ―  contest of wits
      • /   ―  dòu  ―  to criticize and denounce a person
    4. to strive one's best
      /   ―  fèndòu  ―  to work at one's utmost
    5. (archaic) (of stars) to collide with each other
    6. chaotic, disorderly, helter-skelter
    7. to take the opportunity to ..., to do something while it's ...
    8. to meet, to encounter, to face
    9. to face, to confront, to front, to be opposite
    10. to piece together, to fit together
      電腦 / 电脑 [Cantonese]  ―  dau3 din6 nou5 [Jyutping]  ―  to assemble a computer
      木佬 / 木佬 [Cantonese]  ―  dau3 muk6 lou2 [Jyutping]  ―  woodworker
    11. (dialectal) to help, to assist
    12. (dialectal) very, quite
    13. (dialectal) to collude, to plot
    14. fine tea, tea of the best quality
    15. (dialectal) bird nest
    16. Alternative form of (dòu, “to tease, to play with”).
    17. Alternative form of (dōu, “to solicit (customers or business)”).
    18. Alternative form of (dǒu, “suddenly, in a sudden”).
    19. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. to fight

    ReadingsEdit

    As a variant/kyūjitai kanji of :

    As a radical:


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 싸울 (ssaul tu))

    1. Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (fight).)

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: đấu, dấu

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.