See also: and
U+8C46, 豆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8C46

[U+8C45]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8C47]
U+2F96, ⾖
KANGXI RADICAL BEAN

[U+2F95]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F97]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 151, +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一口廿 (MRT), four-corner 10108, composition𠮛)

  1. Kangxi radical #151, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1191, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36245
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1654, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3565, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8C46

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Pictogram (象形) – some kind of container. Borrowed phonetically for the plant name. Displaced Old Chinese (shū).

EtymologyEdit

Derived from (OC *doː), ultimately from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *du (head) (STEDT).

"Soybean > bean" is possibly the same word as "round vessel" (Unger, 1984)

PronunciationEdit


Note: dòur - bean-related senses.
Note:
  • dau6 - used in compounds;
  • dau6-2 - used as a standalone noun.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • tāu - vernacular;
    • tiō/tō͘ - literary.
    Note:
    • dao7 - “bean”;
    • dou6 - “food container”.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tou⁵¹/
    Harbin /tou⁵³/
    Tianjin /tou⁵³/
    Jinan /tou²¹/
    Qingdao /tou⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /tou³¹²/
    Xi'an /tou⁴⁴/
    Xining /tɯ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /təu¹³/
    Lanzhou /tou¹³/
    Ürümqi /tɤu²¹³/
    Wuhan /təu³⁵/
    Chengdu /təu¹³/
    Guiyang /təu²¹³/
    Kunming /təu²¹²/
    Nanjing /təɯ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /tɯ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /təu⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /təu³⁵/
    Hohhot /təu⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /dɤ²³/
    Suzhou /dɤ³¹/
    Hangzhou /dei¹³/
    Wenzhou /dɤu²²/
    Hui Shexian /tʰiu²²/
    Tunxi /tʰiu¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /təu⁵⁵/
    /təu¹¹/
    Xiangtan /dəɯ²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰɛu²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰeu⁵³/
    Taoyuan /tʰeu⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tɐu²²/
    Nanning /tɐu²²/
    Hong Kong /tɐu²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔ²²/
    /tau²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɑu²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /te⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tau³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdau²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (137)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dəuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dəuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dəuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dəwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /duH/
    Wang
    Li
    /dəuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱə̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dòu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    dau6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dòu dòu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ duwH › ‹ duwH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[N.t]ˁo-s/ /*[d]ˁok-s/
    English bean vessel with a neck

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2466
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*doːs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. bean
    2. pea
    3. bean-shaped
    4. (historical) a kind of food container

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. bean, legume

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    Kanji in this term
    まめ
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    NounEdit

    (まめ) (mame

    1. the pulses
    2. a bean
    3. a pea
    4. a soybean

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC dəuH).

    Historical readings

    PronunciationEdit

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (kong du))

    1. Hanja form? of (bean).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: đậu[1], dấu[2]

    1. Hán tự form of đậu (bean).
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    ZhuangEdit

    NounEdit

    1. Sawndip form of daeuh (seaweed, algae)

    AdjectiveEdit

    1. Sawndip form of daeuh (green (as seaweed or algae))