U+515C, 兜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-515C

[U+515B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+515D]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 10, +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹女竹山 (HVHU), four-corner 77217).

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 125, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1386
  • Dae Jaweon: page 265, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 273, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+515C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 𠑹 (cover) +  (head): a helmet.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • tau - vernacular;
  • to͘ - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/təu/
Pan
Wuyun
/təu/
Shao
Rongfen
/təu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/təw/
Li
Rong
/tu/
Wang
Li
/təu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dōu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dōu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁo/
English helmet, hood

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2449
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*toː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. helmet; hood
  2. helmet-shaped
  3. to wrap; to encase
  4. armor
  5. to carry in a wrap
  6. bag; pouch
  7. plastic bag
  8. pocket
  9. to pocket; to keep; to retain; to acquire dishonestly
  10. to reach
  11. to move around; to move in a circle
    [Cantonese]  ―  dau1 lai4 dau1 heoi3 [Jyutping]  ―  to pace around; to walk around here and there
  12. to canvass; to solicit
  13. to take responsibility for
  14. to relate in detail
  15. to peddle; to hawk
  16. (Hokkien) home
  17. (Min Nan) nearby
  18. (Cantonese) lunchbox
  19. (Cantonese) to save, to assue

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Further readingEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

  • Go-on: (tsu); (to)
  • Kan-on: とう ()
  • Kun: かぶと (kabuto, )

EtymologyEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
(kabuto): a traditional Japanese helmet.
Kanji in this term
かぶと
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Found in the Nihon Shoki of 720 CE with the reading kaputo.[1]

Derivation currently unknown.

  • A surface analysis might suggest a derivation from 被る (kaburu, to wear something on the head). However, that reading derives from older form kagafuru and doesn't appear until 850,[1] some time after the first appearance of kabuto.
  • An alternative analysis might suggest a compound of (kabu, head, kun'yomi and native Japanese term) +‎ (to, helmet, on'yomi and borrowing from Chinese). However, the “head” sense with the kabu reading doesn't appear until near the end of the Muromachi period.[1]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(かぶと) (kabuto

  1. helmet

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (du))

  1. (투구 두, tugu-): helmet (especially, made of iron)

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: đâu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.