U+6597, 斗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6597

[U+6596]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6598]
See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional /

Han characterEdit

(radical 68 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜十 (YJ), four-corner 34000)

  1. Kangxi radical #68, (dipper).

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 477, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13489
  • Dae Jaweon: page 835, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2252, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6597

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːʔ
*toːʔ
*toːʔ
*toːʔ, *tjoʔ
*toːʔ
*tʰoːʔ
*tʰoːʔ

Pictogram (象形) (Shuowen), indicating a ladle-shaped dou (see below) held by hand.

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𤣫
𠦁
𣁬

Pronunciations 1 (“dipper, ladle”) and 2 (“water ladle”) are cognate. Variant character: (dǒu, “ladle”). They probably belong to the same word family as (OC *tjos, “to pour”), as a derived noun. Within Sino-Tibetan, compare Tibetan ཆུ(chu, water), འཆུ('chu, to scoop up, to ladle water).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: táu - vernacular, tó͘ - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/təuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/təuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/təuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/təwX/
Li
Rong
/tuX/
Wang
Li
/təuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤoʔ/
English bushel; ladle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2451
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*toːʔ/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. A dipper or cup-like object, used in ancient China as a wine vessel.
    •   ―  dǒuliàng  ―  to measure with dou; numerous
    •   ―  dǒushāo  ―  dou and xiao; humble; insignificant
  2. Any dou-shaped object; dipper, ladle.
      ―  lòudǒu  ―  funnel
      ―  yùndǒu  ―  flatiron
    • /   ―  yāndǒu  ―  tobacco pipe
    • /   ―  fēngdǒu  ―  wind scoop
    •   ―  shuǐdǒu  ―  water ladle
    •   ―  dǒu  ―  carpenter's ink marker
    •   ―  chōudǒu  ―  drawer
    •   ―  dǒu  ―  wide-brimmed rain hat
    •   ―  dǒupéng  ―  cape, cloak
  3. Round or spiral shaped; fingerprint (a dactylogram)
  4. A unit of dry measure (for grains, especially rice) roughly equal to 1 decaliter.
  5. A unit of measure based on dou.
    •   ―  shēngdǒu  ―  sheng and dou; a small amount
  6. (figuratively) small, short, narrow (as with a dipper)
    •   ―  dǒushì  ―  small room
  7. (figuratively) big, high, to be full of (as with a dipper)
  8. Stars in general.
    •   ―  xīngdǒu  ―  stars
  9. (北斗) The Big Dipper, an asterism of seven stars.
  10. (斗宿) The Dipper (Chinese constellation), one of the twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations.
  11. (南斗) A subconstellation of the above mansion, consisting of six stars.
  12. (小北斗) The Little Dipper, a constellation of six stars.
  13. A Chinese constellation (星官) consisting of five stars.
  14. Short for 刁斗 (“cauldron, cymbal”).
  15. Short for 科斗 (“tadpole”).
  16. (斗姆) Doumu, a goddess in Taoism.
  17. Alternative form of (“the system of wood brackets on the top of a column supporting the crossbeam”).
    •   ―  dǒugǒng  ―  corbel bracket
  18. Alternative form of (dǒu, “steep, cliffy”).
  19. Alternative form of (dǒu, “suddenly, in a sudden”).
  20. Alternative form of (dǒu, “to tremble, to shake off”).

Pronunciation 2Edit



Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*toʔ/
English ladle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
DefinitionsEdit

  1. A unit of measure for liquids.
  2. Alternative form of (“ladle or spoon used for scooping water”).
  3. Alternative form of (zhǔ, “master, God”).

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to fight”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji to)

  1. an obsolete unit of liquid measure equal to 18 liters or 18000 cc.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(du) (hangeul )

  1. ( 두): measure of about 18 liters; such measuring vessel
  2. (조두 두): cauldron; cymbal
  3. (구기 두): dipper, ladle
  4. (이름 두): asterism around Polaris such as Big Dipper and Little Dipper

SynonymsEdit

  • (cauldron):

Related termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đẩu, đấu, điếu, tẩn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.