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U+638C, 掌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-638C

[U+638B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+638D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 火月口手 (FBRQ), four-corner 90502, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 437, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12248
  • Dae Jaweon: page 786, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1889, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+638C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːŋ, *taːŋs
*taːŋ
*taːŋ, *sʰraːŋ
*taːŋ
*taːŋ
*taːŋ, *taːŋs
*taːŋ, *taːŋs
*taːŋ
*taːŋʔ, *taːŋs
*taːŋʔ, *tʰaːŋʔ
*taːŋʔ
*taːŋʔ
*taːŋs
*taːŋs
*taːŋs
*tʰaːŋ
*tʰaːŋ, *daːŋ
*tʰaːŋ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ, *tʰaːŋs
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*hl'aːŋʔ, *ɦʷlaːŋʔ, *ɦʷlaːŋs
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋs, *rtaːŋ, *rtaːŋs
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*tjaŋʔ
*tʰjaŋʔ, *tʰjaŋs
*tʰjaŋʔ
*tʰjaŋʔ
*tʰjaŋʔ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ, *djaŋs
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ, *djaŋs
*hjaŋʔ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋs
*tʰoŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjaŋʔ): phonetic  (OC *djaŋ, *djaŋs) + semantic .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ciēng - vernacular (“finger”);
  • ciōng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chiúⁿ/chióⁿ - vernacular (“palm”);
    • chńg/chéng/chín - vernacular (“finger”, often written as , e.g. 掌甲, 掌頭仔);
    • chióng/chiáng - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕɨɐŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕiɐŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕiɑŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cɨaŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕiaŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭaŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕi̯aŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhǎng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhǎng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyangX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k.t]aŋʔ/
    English palm of the hand

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11146
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tjaŋʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. palm of hand
    2. sole of foot
    3. shoe sole or heel
    4. horseshoe
    5. to slap
    6. to hold
    7. to control
    8. (dialectal Mandarin) to put (seasoning)
    9. (Sichuan) to support; to hold

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana てのひら, rōmaji tenohira)

    1. the palm (flat of the hand)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jang) (hangeul , revised jang, McCune–Reischauer chang, Yale cang)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (chưởng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.