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U+4E18, 丘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E18

[U+4E17]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E19]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 1, +4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人一 (OM), four-corner 72101, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 77, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33
  • Dae Jaweon: page 156, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 17, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E18

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
               





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰʷɯ
*kʰʷɯ
*kʰʷɯ
*kʰʷɯ

Ideogram (指事) – hill. Earlier form closer to , as in (OC *kʰa, *qʰa). Compare .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • khu - vernacular;
  • khiu - literary.
Note:
  • ku1 - vernacular;
  • kiu1 - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɨu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰiu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰuw/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiu/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰi̯ə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiū
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qiū
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjuw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʷʰə/
    English hill, mound

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10523
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰʷɯ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. mound; hill
    2. grave
    3. to place a coffin in a temporary shelter pending burial
    4. (dialectal) Classifier for fields: plot

    See alsoEdit

    • (hills): (shān)

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    おか
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Alternative formsEdit

    • (less common)
    • (less common)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana おか, rōmaji oka)

    1. hill
       (おか) (くだ)
      oka o kudaru
      to go down a hill

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gu)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gu, McCune–Reischauer: ku)
      • Name (hangeul): 언덕 (revised: eondeok, McCune–Reischauer: ǒndǒk)
    1. hill

    ReferencesEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (khâu, kheo, khưu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit