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U+4E18, 丘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E18

[U+4E17]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E19]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人一 (OM), four-corner 72101, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 77, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33
  • Dae Jaweon: page 156, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 17, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E18

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
               





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰʷɯ
*kʰʷɯ
*kʰʷɯ
*kʰʷɯ

Ideogram (指事) – hill. Earlier form closer to , as in (OC *kʰa, *qʰa). Compare .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • khu - vernacular;
  • khiu - literary.
Note:
  • ku1 - vernacular;
  • kiu1 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰuw/
Li
Rong
/kʰiu/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiū
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiū
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷʰə/
English hill, mound

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10523
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰʷɯ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. mound; hill
  2. grave
  3. to place a coffin in a temporary shelter pending burial
  4. (dialectal) Classifier for fields: plot

See alsoEdit

  • (hills): (shān)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
おか
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Alternative formsEdit

  • (less common)
  • (less common)

NounEdit

(hiragana おか, rōmaji oka)

  1. hill
     (おか) (くだ)
    oka o kudaru
    to go down a hill

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gu)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gu, McCune-Reischauer: ku)
    • Name (hangeul): 언덕 (revised: eondeok, McCune-Reischauer: ǒndǒk)
  1. hill

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khâu, kheo, khưu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit