Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also:
U+9CE9, 鳩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9CE9

[U+9CE8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9CEA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 196 +2, 13 strokes, cangjie input 大弓竹日火 (KNHAF), four-corner 47027, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1481, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46648
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2013, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4613, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+9CE9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms
𩾛
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
鳩鴿科 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Columbidae (English)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuː
*kʰuː, *kʰu, *ɡu
*krɯːw, *qʰrɯːw, *ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*qʰruː
*ku
*ku
*kuʔ
*kus
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*ɡu, *kʷrɯwʔ
*ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*kʷrɯwʔ
*kʷrɯwʔ
氿 *kʷrɯwʔ
*kʷrɯwʔ
*kuɡ
*qʰʷoɡ

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kau1 - common for non-vulgar senses;
  • gau1 - common for vulgar senses.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuw/
Li
Rong
/kiu/
Wang
Li
/kĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiū
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiū
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k](r)u/
English (a kind of bird)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6939
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ku/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. pigeon; dove (family Columbidae)
  2. (Cantonese, vulgar) Alternative form of (gau1).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. pigeon, dove
  2. (in compounds) to gather together (from the way that pigeons flock together)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
鳩 (hato): a pigeon, a dove.
Kanji in this term
はと
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Possibly onomatopoeia from the hatahata sound of a dove or pigeon's wings in flight.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana はと, katakana ハト, rōmaji hato)

  1. a pigeon, a dove: a bird of genus Columba

Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ハト.

IdiomsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

  1. pigeon, dove
  2. collect, assemble

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cưu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.