See also:
U+9CE9, 鳩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9CE9

[U+9CE8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9CEA]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 196, +2, 13 strokes, cangjie input 大弓竹日火 (KNHAF), four-corner 47027, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1481, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46648
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2013, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4613, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+9CE9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
𩾛
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ku): phonetic (OC *kuʔ) + semantic (bird).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-k(r)əw (dove, pigeon) (Benedict, 1974; Schuessler, 2007; STEDT). Compare Tibetan འང་གུ ('ang gu, pigeon), Proto-Loloish *m-krəw², Burmese ချိုး (hkyui:), Proto-Kuki-Chin *khruu.

In some southern Chinese dialects, is pronounced with aspirated initial /kʰ/ due to taboo considerations.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kau1 - common for non-vulgar senses;
  • gau1 - common for vulgar senses.
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kiu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kuw/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiu/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯ə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiū
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiū
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjuw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k](r)u/
    English (a kind of bird)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6939
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ku/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. pigeon; dove (family Columbidae)
    2. (literary) to gather; to assemble
    3. (Cantonese, vulgar) Alternative form of (gau1).
      / [Cantonese]  ―  ham4 gau1 [Jyutping]  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    • ? Hmong: *ɴquᴬ (pigeon)

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    はと
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spelling
    鴿
     
    (hato): a pigeon, a dove.
     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia

    ⟨pato1 → */patʷo//ɸato//hato/

    From Old Japanese, appears in the Kojiki of 712 C.E..[1]

    Possibly ultimately from はたはた (hatahata), an onomatopoeia for the sound of a dove or pigeon's wings in flight.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (はと) (hato

    1. pigeon, dove (bird of genus Columba)
    Usage notesEdit

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ハト.

    Derived termsEdit
    IdiomsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    きゅう
    Jinmeiyō
    kan’on

    /kiu//kʲuː/

    From Middle Chinese (MC kɨu).

    AffixEdit

    (きゅう) (kyū (historical kana きう)

    1. pigeon, dove
    2. (by extension) gather together (from the way that pigeons flock together)
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Further readingEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune–Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

    1. pigeon, dove
    2. collect, assemble

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (cưu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.