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U+865B, 虛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-865B

[U+865A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+865C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 141 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 卜心廿一 (YPTM), four-corner 21212)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1074, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32709
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1541, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2825, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+865B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
qʰraːs, *kʷraːɡ
qʰral, *qʰrals, *qʰaː
qʰra
qʰra
qʰras
b·raː
raː
raː
raː
raː, *ra
b·raː
b·raː
raː
raː
raː
raː
raː
raː
raː
raː
raː
raː
raː
raː
raː
b·raː
raː
raː
raːʔ
raːʔ
raːʔ
raːʔ
qʰaː, *qʰʷa, *qʰaː, *qʰʷa
qʰaː
qʰʷlaː
qʰlaːʔ
qʰlaːʔ
qʰlaːʔ
b·ra
ra
b·ra
ra
ra, *ras
ra, *ras
raʔ
ras
ras
ras
ras
r̥ʰa
kʰljaʔ, *kʰljas
kas, *ɡa
kas
kas, *ɡa, *ɡaʔ
kas, *ɡas
kʰa, *qʰa
kʰa
ɡa
ɡa, *ɡʷa
ɡa
ɡa, *ɡas, *ɡaɡ
ɡa
ɡaʔ
ɡas
ɡas
qʰa, *qʰas
qʰa
qʰa
qʰa
pla
kʰʷral
ɡaɡ
ɡaɡ
ɡaɡ
qʰʷraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰa, *qʰa): phonetic  (OC *qʰaː) + semantic  (hill). The lower component is retains the shape of , the ancient form of .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Taiwan:
    • hi - vernacular;
    • hu - literary.
Note:
  • 1he - vernacular;
  • 1xy - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (32) (29)
Final () (22) (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨʌ/ /kʰɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiɔ/ /kʰiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiɔ/ /kʰiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨə̆/ /kʰɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/xiɔ/ /kʰiɔ/
Wang
Li
/xĭo/ /kʰĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯wo/ /kʰi̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjo › ‹ xjo ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʰ(r)a/ /*qʰ(r)a/
English hill, mound; abandoned city empty

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 5254 5269
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰa/ /*qʰa/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. empty; hollow
  2. false; worthless; vain
  3. (astronomy) Emptiness, a Chinese constellation near Aquarius and Equuleus

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(heo) (hangeul , revised heo, McCune-Reischauer hŏ, Yale he)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

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