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U+865B, 虛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-865B

[U+865A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+865C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 141 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 卜心廿一 (YPTM), four-corner 21212)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1074, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32709
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1541, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2825, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+865B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰraːs, *kʷraːɡ
*qʰral, *qʰrals, *qʰaː
*qʰra
*qʰra
*qʰras
*b·raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː, *ra
*b·raː
*b·raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*b·raː
*raː
*raː
*raːʔ
*raːʔ
*raːʔ
*raːʔ
*qʰaː, *qʰʷa, *qʰaː, *qʰʷa
*qʰaː
*qʰʷlaː
*qʰlaːʔ
*qʰlaːʔ
*qʰlaːʔ
*b·ra
*ra
*b·ra
*ra
*ra, *ras
*ra, *ras
*raʔ
*ras
*ras
*ras
*ras
*r̥ʰa
*kʰljaʔ, *kʰljas
*kas, *ɡa
*kas
*kas, *ɡa, *ɡaʔ
*kas, *ɡas
*kʰa, *qʰa
*kʰa
*ɡa
*ɡa, *ɡʷa
*ɡa
*ɡa, *ɡas, *ɡaɡ
*ɡa
*ɡaʔ
*ɡas
*ɡas
*qʰa, *qʰas
*qʰa
*qʰa
*qʰa
*pla
*kʰʷral
*ɡaɡ
*ɡaɡ
*ɡaɡ
*qʰʷraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰa, *qʰa): phonetic  (OC *qʰaː) + semantic  (hill). The lower component is retains the shape of , the ancient form of .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Taiwan:
    • hi - vernacular;
    • hu - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 1he - vernacular;
    • 1xy - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (32) (29)
    Final () (22) (22)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /hɨʌ/ /kʰɨʌ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /hiɔ/ /kʰiɔ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xiɔ/ /kʰiɔ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hɨə̆/ /kʰɨə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /xiɔ/ /kʰiɔ/
    Wang
    Li
    /xĭo/ /kʰĭo/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xi̯wo/ /kʰi̯wo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjo › ‹ xjo ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.qʰ(r)a/ /*qʰ(r)a/
    English hill, mound; abandoned city empty

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 5254 5269
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰa/ /*qʰa/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. empty; hollow
    2. false; worthless; vain
    3. (astronomy) Emptiness, a Chinese constellation near Aquarius and Equuleus

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (heo) (hangeul , revised heo, McCune-Reischauer hŏ, Yale he)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    ()

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.