See also: 中國

ChineseEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 中國 (“China; etc.”).
(This term, 中国, is the simplified form of 中國.)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
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Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
こく > ごく
Grade: 2
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
中國 (kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese 中國 (MC ʈɨuŋ kwək̚, literally “central country”). Compare modern Cantonese 中國 (zung1 gwok3). Attested from at least the 12th century.[1]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Where the "China" sense first attested in a Japanese document?”)

Proper nounEdit

(ちゅう)(ごく) (Chūgoku

  1. China
    1. (historical or contemporary) any of several kingdoms, empires, or states of the Chinese people
      Hyponyms: (In), (Shū), (Shin), (Kan), (), 中華民国 (Chūka Minkoku)
      • c. 1120, Konjaku monogatari shū [Tales of Times Now Past], scroll 6:
        (つく)(まつ)れる(すがた)()るに、(ちゅう)(ごく)には()()ず、(めん)[めう]()(こく)()たり。
        Tsukuri matsureru sugata o miru ni, Chūgoku ni wa fu-nizu, men[meu] kokoku ni nitari.
        Judging from the appearance [of the statue], it is not unlike those in China, though the face resembles the northern nations.
    2. (especially in contemporary usage) short for 中華人民共和国 (Chūka Jinmin Kyōwakoku), the People's Republic of China
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
こく > ごく
Grade: 2
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
中國 (kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese 中國 (MC ʈɨuŋ kwək̚). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Analyzable as a compound of (chū, center, middle) +‎ (koku, country). The koku changes to goku as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ちゅう)(ごく) (chūgoku

  1. the central part of a country, historically, commonly known as the capital city or the main region, where an emperor or other ruler resides
  2. something within a country
  3. (historical) under the 律令 (Ritsuryō) system, a province of the third rank according to a four-rank system based on population and area
  4. (historical) under the 律令 (Ritsuryō) system, a province of the second rank according to the distance from the capital city
  5. collective term for the 山陽道 (San'yōdō) and 山陰道 (San'indō) regions of Japan
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(ちゅう)(ごく) (Chūgoku

  1. Short for 中国地方 (Chūgoku chihō): the Chūgoku region of Japan

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
なか
Grade: 1
くに
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
中國 (kyūjitai)

From (naka, center, middle) +‎ (kuni, country).

Proper nounEdit

(なか)(くに) (Nakakuni

  1. a surname

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN


ZhuangEdit

Proper nounEdit

中国

  1. Sawndip form of Cunghgoz