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ChineseEdit

 
middle; center; within; among; in; while (doing sth); during; China; Chinese; hit (the mark)
country; state; nation
trad. (中國)
simp. (中国)
anagram 國中国中
Literally: “middle country; central country”.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
中國 (Written Standard Chinese?)
中國 (Cantonese)
中國 (Gan)
Chûng-koet (Hakka)
Dṳ̆ng-guók (Min Dong)
Tiong-kok (Min Nan)
中國 (Wu)

EtymologyEdit

This word referred to various states and regions throughout history:

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (9) (28)
Final () (2) (132)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨuŋ/ /kwək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiuŋ/ /kʷək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuŋ/ /kuək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈuwŋ/ /kwək̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuŋ/ /kuək̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuŋ/ /kuək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uŋ/ /kwək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōng guo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōng guó
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjuwng › ‹ kwok ›
Old
Chinese
/*truŋ/ /*[C.q]ʷˤək/
English center state (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 17407 5547
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuŋ/ /*kʷɯːɡ/

Proper nounEdit

中國

  1. China; the Middle Kingdom
    中國首都北京 [MSC, trad.]
    中国首都北京 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhōngguó de shǒudū shì Běijīng. [Pinyin]
    The capital of China is Beijing.
    現在中國旅行 [MSC, trad.]
    现在中国旅行 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā xiànzài zài Zhōngguó lǚxíng. [Pinyin]
    He's travelling around China right now.
    喜歡中國文學 [MSC, trad.]
    喜欢中国文学 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ xǐhuān Zhōngguó wénxué ma? [Pinyin]
    Do you like Chinese literature?
    中國和平崛起 / 中国和平崛起  ―  Zhōngguó hépíng juéqǐ  ―  China's peaceful rise
    中國社會科學院 / 中国社会科学院  ―  Zhōngguó shèhuìkēxuéyuàn  ―  the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
    中國特色社會主義 [MSC, trad.]
    中国特色社会主义 [MSC, simp.]
    zhōngguó tèsè shèhuìzhǔyì [Pinyin]
    socialism with Chinese characteristics
    中國典籍英譯 / 中国典籍英译  ―  zhōngguó diǎnjí yīngyì  ―  English translations of Chinese classics
  2. (地方, 地區) the Chūgoku region of Japan

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

中國

  1. (archaic) imperial court
  2. (archaic) capital of a state
  3. (archaic) region under direct rule of the emperor
  4. (archaic) Central Plain

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (中國):

Others:


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
こく > ごく
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

Proper nounEdit

中國 (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 中国, hiragana ちゅうごく, rōmaji Chūgoku)

  1. Kyūjitai spelling of 中国: China

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

Proper nounEdit

中國 (Jungguk) (hangeul 중국)

  1. Hanja form? of 중국, “China”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

Proper nounEdit

中國

  1. Hán tự form of Trung Quốc, “China

ZhuangEdit

Proper nounEdit

中國 (simplified Sawndip form 中国)

  1. Traditional Sawndip form of Cunghgoz