See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 6 +3, 4 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈弓弓 (NINN), four-corner 17202, composition𠄐)

  1. I, me
  2. to give
  3. beforehand

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 85, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 231
  • Dae Jaweon: page 174, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 52, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4E88

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-la.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (36)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨʌX/ /i̯woX/ /iɔX/ /jiɔX/ /jɨə̆X/ /jĭoX/ /iɔX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yoX › /*laʔ/ give; together with

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15739 0 /*laʔ/
VerbEdit

  1. (= ()) to give
  2. to praise; to esteem

Pronunciation 2Edit

Alternative formsEdit
VerbEdit

  1. (Min Nan) to give
    [Min Nan, trad. and simp.]
    I hō͘ góa gō͘ kho͘. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]
    He gave me five dollars.
  2. (Min Nan) to allow
    [Min Nan, trad. and simp.]
    Hō͘ i khì! [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]
    Let it go!
PrepositionEdit

  1. (Min Nan) by (used in constructing the passive)
    [Min Nan, trad. and simp.]
    I hō͘ lâng phah. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]
    He was beat up (by someone).

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (36)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨʌ/ /i̯wo/ /iɔ/ /jiɔ/ /jɨə̆/ /jĭo/ /iɔ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yo › /*laʔ/ I, we

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15738 0 /*la/

PronounEdit

  1. (= ()) I, me

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana , romaji yo)

  1. first-person personal pronoun; I, me

Etymology 2Edit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. beforehand, in advance
ReadingsEdit
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yeo) (hangeul , revised yeo, McCune-Reischauer yŏ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhừ, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

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