See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 土竹一中 (GHML), four-corner 42121, composition)

  1. border, boundary

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 224, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4903
  • Dae Jaweon: page 459, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 423, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+573B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (30)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨi/ /ge̯i/ /ɡiəi/ /ɡɨi/ /gɨj/ /ɡĭəi/ /ɡiəi/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (31)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨn/ /ŋi̯ən/ /ŋiən/ /ŋɨn/ /ŋɨn/ /ŋĭən/ /ŋiən/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (31)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋən/ /ŋən/ /ŋən/ /ŋən/ /ŋən/ /ŋən/ /ŋən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yín ‹ ngjɨn › /*[ŋ]ər/ raised border, dike

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6638 1 /*ɡɯl/
6644 1 /*ŋɡɯːn/
6661 1 /*ŋɡɯn/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gi, eun) (hangeul , , revised gi, eun, McCune-Reischauer ki, ŭn)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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