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U+542C, 听
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-542C

[U+542B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+542D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 口竹一中 (RHML), four-corner 62021, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 178, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3352
  • Dae Jaweon: page 396, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 591, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+542C

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡɯ, *kɯl, *ɡɯn
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl, *ŋɡɯːn, *ŋɡɯn
*ɡɯl, *ɡɯːls
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ŋɡɯl
*qʰan
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋkɯn
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋɡɯn
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋɡɯnʔ
*ŋrɯns, *qɯns
*kɯn, *kɯns
*kɯnʔ
*kɯns
*kɯns
*kɯns, *keŋs
*kʰɯnʔ
*ɡɯn
*ɡɯnʔ, *ɡɯns
*ŋɡɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn, *qʰɯns
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯns, *mpreːɡs
*qʰɯns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋɡɯnʔ): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *kɯn, *kɯns).

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to listen; to hear; to listen to; to obey; to heed; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (31) (31)
Final () (43) (57)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋiɪnX/ /ŋɨnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋinX/ /ŋɨnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋjenX/ /ŋiənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋinX/ /ŋɨnX/
Li
Rong
/ŋiĕnX/ /ŋiənX/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭĕnX/ /ŋĭənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ĕnX/ /ŋi̯ənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǐn yǐn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6647 6664
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡrɯnʔ/ /*ŋɡɯnʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. laughing
  2. having a big mouth

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. laughter (from 笑う)
  2. pound sterling, pound

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
わらう
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Derivation of the verb 笑う (warau, to laugh; to smile).

NounEdit

(hiragana わらう, rōmaji warau)

  1. to laugh; to smile

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ぽんど
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

From English pound. This kanji is an ateji. See .

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(katakana ポンド, rōmaji pondo)

  1. pound (lb)
  2. pound sterling (£)