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See also:
U+52C1, 勁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52C1

[U+52C0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52C2]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 19 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一一大尸 (MMKS), four-corner 14127, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 147, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2349
  • Dae Jaweon: page 332, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 371, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+52C1

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
ɡeŋ, *ɡeŋ
keŋʔ, *ɡeŋ
kɯns, *keŋs
kʰeŋ, *kʰeːŋs
kʰeŋ, *kʰeŋs
ɡeŋʔ, *keːŋ
keːŋ, *keːŋs
keːŋ
keːŋ
keːŋʔ
keːŋʔ
keːŋs
keːŋs
keːŋs
qʰeːŋ
ɡeːŋ
ɡeːŋ, *ɡeːŋʔ
ɡeːŋʔ, *ɡeːŋs
ɡeːŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯns, *keŋs): phonetic  (OC *keːŋ) + semantic  (strength).

EtymologyEdit

Perhaps related to (OC *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ, “strong”).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • ging6 - more common, especially when meaning “amazing; terrific; super”.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kiᴇŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiɛŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiæŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kiajŋH/
Li
Rong
/kiɛŋH/
Wang
Li
/kĭɛŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɛŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjiengH ›
Old
Chinese
/*keŋ-s/ (no palatalization before *-eŋ?)
English strong

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6655 6790
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯns/ /*keŋs/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. powerful; strong
  2. vigorous; with energy; lively
  3. (Cantonese) amazing; terrific
    / [Cantonese]  ―  hou2 ging6 [Jyutping]  ―  amazing
  4. (Cantonese) very; super
    / [Cantonese]  ―  ging6 ci5 [Jyutping]  ―  closely resembling
    / [Cantonese]  ―  ging6 faan4 [Jyutping]  ―  super annoying

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kiᴇŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiɛŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiæŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kiajŋH/
Li
Rong
/kiɛŋH/
Wang
Li
/kĭɛŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɛŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjiengH ›
Old
Chinese
/*keŋ-s/ (no palatalization before *-eŋ?)
English strong

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6655 6790
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯns/ /*keŋs/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. vigor; energy; strength (Classifier: m)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. Powerful, power.[1]

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Akiyasu Tōdō [et al.] (2002) 漢字源, ISBN 978-4053008893: “勁 劤”

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kính, cứng, cánh, kình)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.