TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 19 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一一大尸 (MMKS), four-corner 14127, composition)

  1. strong, unyielding, tough, powerful

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 147, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2349
  • Dae Jaweon: page 332, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 371, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+52C1

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (勁), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 清
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 居正切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kiᴇŋH/ /ki̯ɛŋH/ /kiɛŋH/ /kiɛŋH/ /kiajŋH/ /kĭɛŋH/ /kiæŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jìng ‹ kjiengH › /*keŋ-s (no palatalization before *-eŋ?)/ strong

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6655 1 /*kɯns/ 今訓讀爲劤
6790 0 /*keŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. powerful; strong
  2. vigorous; with energy; lively

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. Powerful, power.[1]

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Akiyasu Tōdō [et al.] (2002) 漢字源, ISBN 978-4053008893: “勁 劤”

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kính, cứng, cánh, kình)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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