U+6B23, 欣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B23

[U+6B22]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B24]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 76 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹中弓人 (HLNO), four-corner 77282, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 566, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16008
  • Dae Jaweon: page 954, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2135, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6B23

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡɯ, *kɯl, *ɡɯn
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl, *ŋɡɯːn, *ŋɡɯn
*ɡɯl, *ɡɯːls
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ŋɡɯl
*qʰan
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋkɯn
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋɡɯn
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋɡɯnʔ
*ŋrɯns, *qɯns
*kɯn, *kɯns
*kɯnʔ
*kɯns
*kɯns
*kɯns, *keŋs
*kʰɯnʔ
*ɡɯn
*ɡɯnʔ, *ɡɯns
*ŋɡɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn, *qʰɯns
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯns, *mpreːɡs
*qʰɯns

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hin - literary;
  • him/herm - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕin⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕin⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕin²¹/
Jinan /ɕiẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /siə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕin²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiẽ²¹/
Xining /ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕĩ/
Nanjing /ɕin³¹/
Hefei /ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /ɕin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /ɕaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ɕin³³/
Xiangtan /ɕin³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /hiun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /huŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐn⁵³/
Nanning /jɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /him⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xeiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hɯŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hin²³/
/huaŋ²³/ 訓歡

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (57)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨn/
Pan
Wuyun
/hɨn/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨn/
Li
Rong
/xiən/
Wang
Li
/xĭən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯ən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjɨn ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰər/
English rejoice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6665
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰɯn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. happy, joyous, delighted

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(heun) (hangeul , revised heun, McCune-Reischauer hŭn, Yale hun)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999