See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 76 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹中弓人 (HLNO), four-corner 77282, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 566, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16008
  • Dae Jaweon: page 954, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2135, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6B23

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕin⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕin⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕin²¹/
Jinan /ɕiẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /siə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕin²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiẽ²¹/
Xining /ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕĩ/
Nanjing /ɕin³¹/
Hefei /ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /ɕin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /ɕaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ɕin³³/
Xiangtan /ɕin³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /hiun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /huŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐn⁵³/
Nanning /jɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /him⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xeiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hɯŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hin²³/
/huaŋ²³/ 訓歡
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨn/ /xi̯ən/ /xiən/ /hɨn/ /hɨn/ /xĭən/ /xiən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xīn ‹ xjɨn › /*qʰər/ rejoice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6665 1 /*qʰɯn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. happy, joyous, delighted

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(heun) (hangeul , revised heun, McCune-Reischauer hŭn, Yale hun)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
Read in another language