English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Abbreviation of geneva, alteration of Dutch genever (juniper) from Old French genevre (modern French genièvre), from Vulgar Latin ziniperus, from Latin iūniperus (juniper). Hence gin rummy (first attested 1941).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

gin (countable and uncountable, plural gins)

  1. A colourless non-aged alcoholic liquor made by distilling fermented grains such as barley, corn, oats or rye with juniper berries; the base for many cocktails.
  2. (uncountable) Gin rummy.
  3. (poker) Drawing the best card or combination of cards.
    Johnny Chan held jack-nine, and hit gin when a queen-ten-eight board was dealt out.
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
Translations edit
References edit

Etymology 2 edit

Partly from Middle English gin, ginne (cleverness, scheme, talent, device, machine), from Old French gin, an aphetism of Old French engin (engine); and partly from Middle English grin, grine (snare, trick, stratagem, deceit, temptation, noose, halter, instrument), from Old English grin, gryn, giren, geren (snare, gin, noose).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gin (plural gins)

Setting and triggering a "gin" or foothold trap, demonstrated at the Black Country Living Museum
  1. (obsolete) A trick; a device or instrument.
  2. (obsolete) A scheme; contrivance; artifice; a figurative trap or snare.
  3. A snare or trap for game.
  4. A machine for raising or moving heavy objects, consisting of a tripod formed of poles united at the top, with a windlass, pulleys, ropes, etc.
  5. (mining) A hoisting drum, usually vertical; a whim.
  6. A pile driver.
  7. A windpump.
  8. A cotton gin.
  9. An instrument of torture worked with screws.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Verb edit

gin (third-person singular simple present gins, present participle ginning, simple past and past participle ginned)

  1. (transitive) To remove the seeds from cotton with a cotton gin.
  2. (transitive) To trap something in a gin.
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Italian: ginnare
Translations edit

Etymology 3 edit

Inherited from Middle English ginnen (to begin), contraction of beginnen.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

gin (third-person singular simple present gins, present participle ginning, simple past gan, past participle gun)

  1. (archaic) To begin.

Etymology 4 edit

Borrowed from Dharug dyin (woman), but having acquired a derogatory tone.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gin (plural gins)

  1. (Australia, now considered offensive, ethnic slur) An Aboriginal woman.
    • 1869, Thomas Livingstone Mitchell, Three Expeditions into the Interior of Eastern Australia, volume 1, page 273:
      His next shot was discharged amongst the mob, and most unfortunately wounded the gin already mentioned ; who, with a child fastened to her back, slid down the bank, and lay, apparently dying, with her legs in the water.
    • 1879 December 31, “Obituary”, in The Hobart Mercury, page 2:
      On December 28, in the same year [1828], he [John Allen] fought single handed a tribe of native blacks, numbering from thirteen to eighteen, besides "gins" to bring them spears, waddies, etc.
    • 1894, Ivan Dexter, Talmud: A Strange Narrative of Central Australia, published in serial form in Port Adelaide News and Lefevre's Peninsula Advertiser (SA), Chapter XXI, [1]
      From my position I could see the gins pointing back, and as the men turned they looked for a moment and then made a wild rush for the entrance.
    • 1938, Xavier Herbert, chapter XXI, in Capricornia, D. Appleton-Century, published 1943, page 353:
      How they must have laughed about the strutting of her whose mother was a wanton and aunt a gin!
    • 1988, Tom Cole, Hell West and Crooked, Angus & Robertson, published 1995, page 179:
      Dad said Shoesmith and Thompson had made one error that cost them their lives by letting the gins into the camp, and the blacks speared them all.
    • 2008, Bill Marsh, Jack Goldsmith, Goldie: Adventures in a Vanishing Australia, unnumbered page:
      But there was this gin there, see, what they called a kitchen girl.
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
References edit
  1. ^ R. M. W. Dixon, Australian Aboriginal Words, Oxford University Press, 1990, →ISBN, page 167.

Etymology 5 edit

Cognate to Scots gin (if): perhaps from gi(v)en,[1] or a compound in which the first element is from Old English ġif (English if) and the second is cognate to English an (if) (compare iffen),[1] or perhaps from again.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

gin

  1. (chiefly Scotland, Northern England, Southern US, Appalachia) If.
    • 1605, Richard Verstegan, Restitution of Decayed Intelligence, in Antiquities: Concerning the Most Noble, and Renowned English Nation:
      [] for pronouncing according as one would ſay at London I would eat more cheeſe if I had it, the Northern man ſaith, Ay ſuld eat mare cheeſe gin ay hadet, and the Weſterne man ſaith Chud eat more cheeſe an chad it.
    • 1804, Robert Couper, Poetry, I. 196:
      Gin the plough rests on the bank, / The loom, the nation, dies.
    • 1809, Thomas Donaldson, Poems, section 76:
      An' gin I'm weel and can keep sober / You may look for it in October.
    • 1815, Robert Anderson, Ballads in the Cumberland dialect, page 152:
      He's get han' and siller, / Gin he fancies me.
    • 1860, J. P. K. Shuttleworth, Scarsdale; Or, Life on the Lancashire and Yorkshire Border, Thirty Years Ago, page 158:
      yon felley at Barleigh has wrote farrantly (fairly) to my naunt; gin Robin could bur see ť letter he'd foind no fawt wi' me.
    • 1870, John Christopher Atkinson, Lost; or, What came of a slip from 'honour bright'., page 19:
      Wheeah, Ah thinks thee could, gin ye tried.
    • 1876, Mrs. George Linnaeus Banks, The Manchester Man, page 15:
      "Aw'd never ha slept i' mi bed gin that little un had bin dreawnded, an' me lookin' on loike a stump. Neay; that lass wur Bess, moi wench. We'n no notion wheer th' lad's mother is." Mr. Clough would have pressed the money upon him, but he put it back with a motion of his han.
    • 1880, Wooers, Banks, I. iv:
      [] gin schoo sets off in a tantrum an' flaah's t'mistress wiv her blutherin []
References edit
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 gin”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.

Anagrams edit

Czech edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English gin.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈdʒɪn]
  • Hyphenation: gin
  • Rhymes: -ɪn

Noun edit

gin m inan

  1. gin (alcoholic beverage)

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • gin in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • gin in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

French edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English gin.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gin m (plural gins)

  1. gin

Further reading edit

Irish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Irish gein, verbal noun of gainithir (is born), from Proto-Celtic *ganyetor (compare Welsh geni (be born, bear)) from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (compare English kin, Latin gignō (beget, bear), Ancient Greek γίγνομαι (gígnomai, become), Sanskrit जनति (janati, beget)).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gin f (genitive singular gine, nominative plural ginte)

  1. begetting, birth
  2. fetus
  3. offspring, child, person
  4. generating source

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Verb edit

gin (present analytic gineann, future analytic ginfidh, verbal noun giniúint, past participle ginte)

  1. give birth to (used only in the autonomous form)
  2. germinate, sprout; spring forth; originate
  3. beget, procreate
  4. generate, produce

Conjugation edit

Derived terms edit

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gin ghin ngin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

Janday edit

Noun edit

gin

  1. woman, girl

Further reading edit

  • John Gladstone Steele, Aboriginal Pathways: in Southeast Queensland and the Richmond River

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

gin

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ぎん

Louisiana Creole edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from French gagner (to earn, to gain).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

gin

  1. (transitive) to have (to own, to possess)
    Mâ tant gin dé sœr.My aunt has two sisters.
  2. (transitive) to have under one's control, in one's power
  3. (transitive) to have (a condition), to be
    Mo gin swaf.I'm thirsty. (literally, “I have thirst.”)
    Mo gin pœr.I'm scared. (literally, “I have fear.”)
  4. (transitive) to be (an age)
    Li gin 19 zan.She's 19 years old. (literally, “She has 19 years.”)
  5. (copulative) to get, to become
  6. (transitive) to get, to make (cause someone or something to do something)
  7. (auxiliary) to have to
    Synonyms: bezwin, dwa, gin pou, ifo
  8. (auxiliary) should
    Synonym:
  9. (auxiliary) to be going to, will
    Synonyms: a, alé, kouri, va

Usage notes edit

  • Mirrors the use of French avoir (to have) in some ways. For example, Louisiana Creole gin pou mirrors French avoir pour (to be obligated to).

Derived terms edit

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit

gin

  1. Nonstandard spelling of gīn.

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English gin.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gin m inan

  1. gin (alcoholic beverage)

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • gin in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • gin in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English gin.

Noun edit

gin n (plural ginuri)

  1. gin

Declension edit

Scots edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Cognate to dialectal English gin (if), which see for more.

Conjunction edit

gin

  1. if (conditional; subjunctive)
    Gin A war ye, A wad gang.If I were you, I would go.
    • 1778, Alexander Ross, Fortunate Shepherdess, page 124:
      Then says the squire,
      Gin that be all your fear,
      She sanna want a man, for want of gear.
      A thousand pounds a year, well burthen free,
      I mak her sure of, gin she'll gang with me.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

Etymology 2 edit

From Old English [Term?].

Preposition edit

gin

  1. Against; nearby; towards.
    gin night(please add an English translation of this usage example)

Scottish Gaelic edit

Etymology edit

From Old Irish gainithir (is born), from Proto-Celtic *ganyetor (compare Welsh geni (be born, bear)) from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (compare English kin, Latin gignō (beget, bear), Ancient Greek γίγνομαι (gígnomai, become), Sanskrit जनति (janati, beget)).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

gin (past ghin, future ginidh, verbal noun gintinn, past participle ginte)

  1. beget, produce, father
  2. create, engender
  3. procreate, reproduce
  4. breed
  5. (computing) generate

Derived terms edit

Mutation edit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
gin ghin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English gin.

Pronunciation edit

 
  • IPA(key): (everywhere but Argentina and Uruguay) /ˈʝin/ [ˈɟ͡ʝĩn]
  • IPA(key): (Buenos Aires and environs) /ˈʃin/ [ˈʃĩn]
  • IPA(key): (elsewhere in Argentina and Uruguay) /ˈʒin/ [ˈʒĩn]

Noun edit

gin m (plural gines)

  1. gin
    Synonym: ginebra

Further reading edit

Sumerian edit

Romanization edit

gin

  1. Romanization of 𒁺 (gin)

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English gin.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gin c or n

  1. gin (liquor)

Declension edit

Declension of gin 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative gin ginen
Genitive gins ginens
Declension of gin 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative gin ginet
Genitive gins ginets

See also edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Welsh edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

gin

  1. (colloquial) (North Wales) first-person singular of gan
  2. (colloquial) (North Wales) second-person singular of gan

Wiradjuri edit

Noun edit

gin

  1. Alternative spelling of geen

Yola edit

Etymology edit

Compare Scots gin.

Conjunction edit

gin

  1. if
    • 1927, “THE FORTH MAN'S GRACE AFTER A SCANTY DINNER”, in THE ANCIENT DIALECT OF THE BARONIES OF FORTH AND BARGY, COUNTY WEXFORD, page 137, line 3:
      Gin we have no mo' maate, it maakes no mo' matter,
      [If we have no more meat, it makes no more matter,]

References edit

  • Kathleen A. Browne (1927) The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland Sixth Series, Vol.17 No.2, Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, page 137

Yoruba edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

gin

  1. (Igbomina) to chip of a small part of something
    Synonym: yin
    ìyá gin uṣu ọmọ lọ́wọ́The mother chipped off a small part of a yam to give to the child
  2. (Igbomina) to trim the edges of something with a razor
    babá gin irun ọmọ náàThe father trimmed the edges of the child's hard