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See also:
U+58EF, 壯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-58EF

[U+58EE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+58F0]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 33 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 女一土 (VMG), four-corner 24210, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 243, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5643
  • Dae Jaweon: page 483, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 428, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+58EF

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
ʔsaːŋ
ʔsaːŋ
kaːl, *ʔsaːŋ, *zaŋ
ʔsaːŋ
zaːŋ, *zaːŋs
zaːŋʔ, *zaːŋs
zaːŋs
ʔsaŋ, *ʔsaŋs
漿 ʔsaŋ
ʔsaŋ
ʔsaŋ, *ʔsaŋʔ
ʔsaŋ
ʔsaŋʔ
ʔsaŋʔ
ʔsaŋs
sʰaŋ
sʰaŋ, *ʔshaŋs
sʰaŋ
sʰaŋ
braːn, *zaŋ
zaŋ
ʔsraŋ
ʔsraŋ
ʔsraŋ, *ʔsraŋs
ʔsraŋs
rnɯːɡ, *zraŋ
zraŋ
zraŋ
zraŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsraŋs): phonetic  (OC *braːn, *zaŋ) + semantic .

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • zhuǎng - dialectal variant for “robust; strong”, substituting for . Popular in northern Mandarin, including the Beijing area.
Note:
  • chàng - vernacular;
  • chòng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (18)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhuàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhuàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]<r>aŋ-s/
English robust

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10307
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsraŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. strong; robust
  2. to strengthen
  3. (traditional Chinese medicine) one burn of moxa in moxibustion

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms obsolete
obsolete

First written as (composed of , the “beast” radical, and , “servant”). Following the foundation of the PRC it was written as (with , the “person” radical). Due to the derogatory connotations of the previous characters, it was officially amended to (“strong; robust”) in 1965.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (~族) Zhuang, an ethnic group living primarily in Guangxi, China
    廣西自治區 / 广西自治区  ―  Guǎngxī zhuàngzú zìzhìqū  ―  Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (zhuāng, “serious; solemn”).
  2. A surname​.

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jang) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tráng, trắng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.