U+58EF, 壯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-58EF

[U+58EE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+58F0]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 33 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 女一土 (VMG), four-corner 24210, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 243, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5643
  • Dae Jaweon: page 483, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 428, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+58EF

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsaːŋ
*ʔsaːŋ
*kaːl, *ʔsaːŋ, *zaŋ
*ʔsaːŋ
*zaːŋ, *zaːŋs
*zaːŋʔ, *zaːŋs
*zaːŋs
*ʔsaŋ, *ʔsaŋs
漿 *ʔsaŋ
*ʔsaŋ
*ʔsaŋ, *ʔsaŋʔ
*ʔsaŋ
*ʔsaŋʔ
*ʔsaŋʔ
*ʔsaŋs
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋ, *ʔshaŋs
*sʰaŋ
*sʰaŋ
*braːn, *zaŋ
*zaŋ
*ʔsraŋ
*ʔsraŋ
*ʔsraŋ, *ʔsraŋs
*ʔsraŋs
*rnɯːɡ, *zraŋ
*zraŋ
*zraŋ
*zraŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsraŋs): phonetic  (OC *braːn, *zaŋ) + semantic .

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • zhuǎng - dialectal variant for “robust; strong”, substituting for . Popular in northern Mandarin, including the Beijing area.
Note:
  • chòng - literary;
  • chàng - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (18)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhuàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhuàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]<r>aŋ-s/
English robust

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10307
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsraŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. strong; robust
  2. to strengthen
  3. (traditional Chinese medicine) one burn of moxa in moxibustion

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

First written as (note the “beast” radical, ). Following the foundation of the PRC it was written as (tóng) (with a “person” radical, ). Due to the derogatory connotations of the previous characters, it was officially amended to (“strong; robust”) in 1965.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (~族) Zhuang, an ethnic group living primarily in Guangxi, China
    廣西自治區 / 广西自治区  ―  Guǎngxī zhuàngzú zìzhìqū  ―  Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (zhuāng, “serious; solemn”).
  2. A surname​.

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jang) (hangeul )

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tráng, trắng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.