U+80A5, 肥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-80A5

[U+80A4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+80A6]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月日山 (BAU), four-corner 77217, composition(GJKV) or ⿰(HT))

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 974, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29290
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1426, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2055, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+80A5

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Transcribed ancient scripts
 

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit


Note: fai6 - rare.
Note:
  • bùi - vernacular;
  • pì - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • pûi - vernacular;
    • hûi - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fei³⁵/
    Harbin /fei²⁴/
    Tianjin /fei⁴⁵/
    Jinan /fei⁴²/
    Qingdao /fe⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /fi⁴²/
    Xi'an /fi²⁴/
    Xining /fɨ²⁴/
    Yinchuan /fei⁵³/
    Lanzhou /fei⁵³/
    Ürümqi /fei⁵¹/
    Wuhan /fei²¹³/
    Chengdu /fei³¹/
    Guiyang /fei²¹/
    Kunming /fei³¹/
    Nanjing /fəi²⁴/
    Hefei /fe⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /fei¹¹/
    Pingyao /xuei¹³/
    Hohhot /fei³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /vi²³/
    /bi²³/
    Suzhou /vi¹³/
    Hangzhou /bi²¹³/
    /vi²¹³/
    Wenzhou /vei³¹/
    /bei³¹/
    Hui Shexian /fe⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /fe⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /fei¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɸəi¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /fɨi⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /pʰi¹¹/
    Taoyuan /pʰui¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fei²¹/
    Nanning /fi²¹/
    Hong Kong /fei²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hui³⁵/
    /pui³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puoi⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /py³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /pui⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbui³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (21)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bʉi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bʷɨi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biuəi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /buj/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuəi/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭwəi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱwe̯i/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    féi
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    feoi4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    féi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjɨj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[b][ə]r/
    English fat (adj.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3118
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bɯl/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. fat; plump; obese
      /   ―  jiǎnféi  ―  to lose weight
    2. fertile
    3. fertiliser
        ―  huàféi  ―  chemical fertilizer
        ―  dànféi  ―  nitrogenous fertilizer
        ―  shīféi  ―  to apply fertilizer
    4. (usually derogatory) benefit; advantage; gain
    SynonymsEdit
    • (fat):
    • (benefit):
    AntonymsEdit
    • (fat): (shòu, “skinny”)

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    • Proto-Tai: *bwiːᴬ (fat)
    • Thai: ปุ๋ย (bpǔi, fertilizer)

    Etymology 2Edit

    Shortened from 肥佬 (fei4 lou2), from English fail.

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) to fail (a test)

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. manure
    2. fertilizer
    3. dung

    ReadingsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    こえ
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    NounEdit

    (こえ) (koe

    1. manure; fertilizer; dung

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (bi) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: phì, phè, phề

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ZhuangEdit

    NounEdit

    1. Sawndip form of feiz (fire)