See also:
U+5E8A, 床
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E8A

[U+5E89]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E8B]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 53, 广+4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 戈木 (ID) or X戈木 (XID), four-corner 00294, composition广)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 343, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9242
  • Dae Jaweon: page 653, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 873, character 20
  • Unihan data for U+5E8A

ChineseEdit

trad. /
simp.

Glyph originEdit

EtymologyEdit

Proto-Vietic *k-ɟəːŋ (bed), whence Vietnamese giường and Chut kəcɨːŋ², is a borrowing from Old Chinese (Alves, 2015).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chhn̂g - vernacular (“bed”);
  • sn̂g - vernacular (“steamer basket”);
  • chhông - literary.
Note:
  • ceng5 - “bed; table”;
  • seng5 - vernacular (“steamer basket”).
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡sʰuɑŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /p͡fʰaŋ²⁴/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuɔ̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /p͡fʰɑ̃⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰuaŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰuaŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰuaŋ²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰuã̠³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuɒ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡sʰuɑŋ¹³/
    /suə¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰuɑ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /zɑ̃²³/
    Suzhou /zɑ̃¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷɑŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /jyɔ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /so⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /sau⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕyan¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɖ͡ʐɔn¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɔŋ²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰoŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰoŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹/
    Nanning /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰɔŋ³⁵/
    /t͡sʰŋ̍³⁵/
    /sŋ̍³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰouŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰɔŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰɯŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /so³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (20)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʒɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖ͡ʐiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʒiɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖ͡ʐɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ʒiaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ʒĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɖ͡ʐʱi̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chuáng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chuáng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzrjang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.dzraŋ/
    English bed

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10310
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zraŋ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. bed; couch (Classifier: )
    2. framework; chassis
    3. (Teochew) table
    4. rails of the well
    5. bottom
    6. classifier for bedding, or large vehicles

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ゆか
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Attested in the 日本書紀 (Nihon Shoki), completed in 720 and one of the earliest works written in Japanese (see Wikipedia:Nihon Shoki), with a meaning of bed.

    According to the 和句解 (Wakuge), published in 1668 by early Edo-period scholar Matsunaga Teitoku (松永貞徳; see Wikipedia:ja:松永貞徳), derives from ゆか (yuka) as the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form) stem of the verb 行く (yuku, to go) of an original meaning similar to "not going", in reference to a place where one sits down to rest.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (ゆか) (yuka

    1. the floor (the bottom surface of a room)
      (ゆか)()
      yuka o haku
      to sweep the floor
    2. a bed
    3. (theater) a raised area of a stage where a presenter or musician sits
    4. a raised platform erected along the Kamo River in Kyōto in summer, used as an outdoor tea shop or restaurant
    AntonymsEdit
    Coordinate termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    とこ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    ⟨to2ko2/toko/

    From Old Japanese. Cognate with (tokoro, place). Attested since at least the Nara period, appearing in the Man'yōshū, completed in 759.[3][4]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (とこ) (toko

    1. a raised platform roughly 30cm tall used in dirt-floored rooms as a seat
    2. a raised area on which to sleep: a bed
    3. a sickbed
    4. the floor
    5. tatami mats
    6. the seat of an oxcart
    7. short for 床間 / 床の間 (toko no ma): an alcove with a raised floor along one wall of a traditional Japanese living room
    8. an alcove with a raised floor used as a study: see 付書院 (tsuke shoin)
    9. a box seat, such as at a parade, theater, or stadium
    10. short for 床店 (tokomise): a stall with a raised floor used as a store
    11. short for 床屋 (tokoya): a barbershop, from how such shops were historically often tokomise
    12. short for 床船梁 (toko funabari), 舵床 (kajidoko): the large wooden beam at the very aft of a traditional wood-hulled Japanese ship, upon which the rudder is seated
    13. the heel of a plough; the part of the bottom of a plough that touches the ground and guides the ploughshare
    14. short for 苗床 (naedoko): a seedbed
    15. short for 鉄床, 金床 (kanatoko): an anvil
    SynonymsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    しょう
    Grade: S
    kan’yōon

    /ʑau//ɕau//ɕɔː//ɕoː/

    From Middle Chinese (MC d͡ʒɨɐŋ). Devoicing apparently occurred after borrowing.

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    CounterEdit

    (しょう) (-shō (historical kana しやう)

    1. beds

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    4. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4331), text here

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 평상 (pyeongsang sang))

    1. Hanja form? of (bed, couch; framework, chassis).

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (sàng, giàn, giường, sường, giàng, rương)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.