See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zraŋs): phonetic  ‎(OC *braːn, *zaŋ) + semantic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 94 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 女一戈大 (VMIK), four-corner 33134, composition)

  1. form; appearance; state
  2. shape
  3. official

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 707, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20280
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1119, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1334, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+72C0

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂuɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂuaŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡suɑŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂuaŋ²¹/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂuaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂuaŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /p͡faŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂuɔ̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂuɑŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fɑ̃¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂuɑŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡suaŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡suaŋ¹³/
Guiyang /t͡suaŋ²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂuã̠¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂuaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂuɑ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suɒ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡suɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡suɑ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /zɑ̃³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷɑŋ¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑyɔ²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡so³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕyan⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕyan¹¹/
Xiangtan /t͡sɔn⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰoŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɔŋ²²/
Nanning /t͡sɔŋ²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sɔŋ²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sɔŋ²²/
/t͡sŋ̍²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɔyŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɔŋ⁴⁴/ 告~
/t͡sɔŋ⁴²/ 形~
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡suaŋ³⁵/
/t͡sɯŋ³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tuaŋ²³/
/to²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (20)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhuàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhuàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzrjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]raŋ-s/
English form, appearance

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10312
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zraŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. things stand

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

It has been superseded by in modern Japanese. (not a shinjitai)


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sang, jang) (hangeul , , revised sang, jang, McCune-Reischauer sang, chang, Yale sang, cang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trạng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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