ChineseEdit

female; woman; daughter husband; son-in-law
trad. (女婿) 婿
simp. #(女婿) 婿
alternative forms 女壻

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character 婿
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (12) (16)
Final () (22) (39)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɳɨʌX/ /seiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɳiɔX/ /seiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/niɔX/ /sɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɳɨə̆X/ /sɛjH/
Li
Rong
/niɔX/ /seiH/
Wang
Li
/nĭoX/ /sieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ni̯woX/ /sieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
neoi5 sai3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 婿
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nrjoX › ‹ sejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nraʔ/ /*[s]ˁ[i][j]-s/
English female son-in-law

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 婿
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 9616 11766
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naʔ/ /*sŋeːs/
Notes

NounEdit

女婿

  1. son-in-law (used by the wife's family)
  2. (regional, colloquial) husband

SynonymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (女婿):

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
婿
じょ
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: S
kan’on
Alternative spelling
女壻

/dʲo sei//d͡ʑosei//d͡ʑoseː/

First attested in the mid-Meiji period.[1]

Ultimately from Middle Chinese 女婿 (MC ɳɨʌX seiH), utilizing the 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading for both kanji.

NounEdit

(じょ)婿(せい) (joseiぢよせい (dyosei)?

  1. a son-in-law (husband of one's daughter)
    Synonym: 娘婿 (musumemuko)

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
婿
にょ
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: S
goon kan’on
Alternative spelling
女壻

Ultimately from Middle Chinese 女婿 (MC ɳɨʌX seiH), utilizing the uncommon 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading nyo for , and the 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading sei for 婿.

NounEdit

(にょ)婿(せい) (nyosei

  1. (rare) a son-in-law (husband of one's daughter)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan