See also:
U+7D30, 細
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D30

[U+7D2F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D31]

Translingual

edit

Han character

edit

(Kangxi radical 120, +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 女火田 (VFW), four-corner 26900, composition )

References

edit
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 919, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27344
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1351, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3380, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7D30

Chinese

edit
trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𥿳

Glyph origin

edit
Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *snɯːls) : semantic + phonetic (OC *snɯns). The right component is etymologically unrelated to in which it was corrupted to after the Han dynasty.

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *z(j)əj (little; small; tiny) (STEDT); cognate with Jingpho zi (small), Tibetan ཟི (zi, small), Burmese သေး (se:, small).

Pronunciation

edit

Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • sòe - vernacular;
    • sè - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Baxter sejH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/seiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/seiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɛjH/
Li
Rong
/seiH/
Wang
Li
/sieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sai3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ sejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ˁe(k)-s/
English small, minute

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13834
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*snɯːls/

Definitions

edit

  1. (literary or Cantonese, Gan, Hakka, Min) small; tiny; little
    Antonym:
    點解 [Cantonese, trad.]
    点解 [Cantonese, simp.]
    dim2 gaai2 wui5 gam3 sai3 ge2? [Jyutping]
    Why is it so small?
  2. thin; slender
    Antonym: ()
    线  ―  xiàn  ―  thin string
  3. fine; delicate; exquisite
    Antonym: ()
      ―  shā  ―  fine sand
  4. careful; detailed; meticulous
  5. slowly; carefully; thoroughly; detailedly
      ―  kàn  ―  to carefully examine
  6. trifling; trivial; unimportant
  7. (of one's voice) soft
  8. frugal; sparing
  9. (literary or Cantonese, Hakka, Min) young; little
    Antonym:
    [Cantonese]  ―  nei5 zung6 sai3 me1! [Jyutping]  ―  [Do you think that] you're still a child?
  10. (Cantonese) to be younger than
    Antonym:
    [Cantonese]  ―  sai3 keoi5 gei2 sap6 nin4 [Jyutping]  ―  younger than them by a couple decades
  11. (Hokkien) concubine

Synonyms

edit

Antonyms

edit
  • (antonym(s) of small): (, “large”)
  • (antonym(s) of young): (, “grown up”)
  • (antonym(s) of fine): (, “coarse”)

Compounds

edit

References

edit

Japanese

edit

Kanji

edit

(Second grade kyōiku kanji)

  1. thin, fine
  2. slender

Readings

edit

Compounds

edit

Korean

edit

Hanja

edit

(eumhun 가늘 (ganeul se))

  1. Hanja form? of (thin).

Vietnamese

edit

Chữ Hán

edit

: Hán Việt readings: tế

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.