U+903C, 逼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-903C

[U+903B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+903D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 162 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜一口田 (YMRW), four-corner 31306, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1260, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38973
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1750, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3856, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+903C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯɡs
*pɯɡs, *pɯɡ
*pʰɯɡs, *pʰrɯɡ, *pʰɯɡ
*pʰɯɡs
*bɯːɡ
*bɯːɡ, *bɯɡ
*prɯɡ
*prɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*prɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*prɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*prɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ, *brɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ, *bɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*brɯɡ
*brɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*pɯɡ
*pɯɡ
*pɯɡ

PronunciationEdit


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi⁵⁵/
Harbin /pi²⁴/
Tianjin /pi²¹/
Jinan /pi⁴²/
Qingdao /pi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pi⁴²/
Xi'an /pi²¹/
Xining /pji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pi¹³/
Lanzhou /pi¹³/
Ürümqi /pi²¹³/
Wuhan /pi²¹³/
Chengdu /pi³¹/
/pi⁵⁵/
/pie⁵⁵/
Guiyang /pi²¹/
Kunming /pi³¹/
Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
Hefei /piəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ²/
Pingyao /piʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /piəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /piɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /piəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /piəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /pi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /piʔ²¹/
Tunxi /pi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pi²⁴/
Xiangtan /pi³³/
Gan Nanchang /piʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /pit̚¹/
Taoyuan /pet̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pek̚⁵/
Nanning /pek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pik̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbek̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (134)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/piek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pik̚/
Li
Rong
/piək̚/
Wang
Li
/pĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pik ›
Old
Chinese
/*prək/
English urge, press

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3378
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*prɯɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. compel, pressure, force
  2. to bother

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(pip, byeok) (hangeul , , revised pip, byeok, McCune-Reischauer p'ip, pyŏk, Yale phip, pyek)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(bức, bực)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.