U+903C, 逼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-903C

[U+903B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+903D]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 162, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜一口田 (YMRW), four-corner 31306, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1260, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38973
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1750, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3856, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+903C

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *prɯɡ): semantic + phonetic (OC *pʰrɯɡ, *bɯɡ).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • bie1 - vernacular;
  • bi2, bi1 - literary.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Bei
  • Min Nan

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pi⁵⁵/
    Harbin /pi²⁴/
    Tianjin /pi²¹/
    Jinan /pi⁴²/
    Qingdao /pi⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /pi⁴²/
    Xi'an /pi²¹/
    Xining /pji⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /pi¹³/
    Lanzhou /pi¹³/
    Ürümqi /pi²¹³/
    Wuhan /pi²¹³/
    Chengdu /pi³¹/
    /pi⁵⁵/
    /pie⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /pi²¹/
    Kunming /pi³¹/
    Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
    Hefei /piəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ²/
    Pingyao /piʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /piəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /piɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /piəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /piəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /pi²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /piʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /pi⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /pi²⁴/
    Xiangtan /pi³³/
    Gan Nanchang /piʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /pit̚¹/
    Taoyuan /pet̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pek̚⁵/
    Nanning /pek̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /pik̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pɛiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pi²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /pek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbek̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (134)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pɨk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pɨk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /piek̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pik̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /piək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯ək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pik ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*prək/
    English urge, press

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3378
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*prɯɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to compel; to pressure; to force
    2. to bother
      /   ―  bèi fēng  ―  to be driven mad
    3. to press for; to extort
    4. to approach; to press on
    5. (literary) narrow
    6. (Cantonese) crowded; packed

    SynonymsEdit

    • (to compel):

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Mandarin) Alternative form of ().

    Etymology 3Edit

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms

    Probably from (piat).

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Min Nan) to interpret (one's fortune, etc.)

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From a corrupted or unorthodox reading. The original reading is (byeok) based on Middle Chinese (MC pɨk̚).

    Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: phip) in Sinjeung Yuhap (新增類合 / 신증유합), 1576.

    Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: pyek) in Sinjeung Yuhap (新增類合 / 신증유합), 1576.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 핍박할 (pipbakhal pip))

    1. Hanja form? of (to force; to compel).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (bức, bực)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.