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U+903C, 逼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-903C

[U+903B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+903D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 162 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜一口田 (YMRW), four-corner 31306, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1260, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38973
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1750, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3856, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+903C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯɡs
*pɯɡs, *pɯɡ
*pʰɯɡs, *pʰrɯɡ, *pʰɯɡ
*pʰɯɡs
*bɯːɡ
*bɯːɡ, *bɯɡ
*prɯɡ
*prɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*prɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*prɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*prɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ, *brɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ, *bɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*brɯɡ
*brɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*pɯɡ
*pɯɡ
*pɯɡ

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • bie1 - vernacular;
  • bi2, bi1 - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi⁵⁵/
Harbin /pi²⁴/
Tianjin /pi²¹/
Jinan /pi⁴²/
Qingdao /pi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pi⁴²/
Xi'an /pi²¹/
Xining /pji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pi¹³/
Lanzhou /pi¹³/
Ürümqi /pi²¹³/
Wuhan /pi²¹³/
Chengdu /pi³¹/
/pi⁵⁵/
/pie⁵⁵/
Guiyang /pi²¹/
Kunming /pi³¹/
Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
Hefei /piəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ²/
Pingyao /piʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /piəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /piɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /piəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /piəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /pi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /piʔ²¹/
Tunxi /pi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pi²⁴/
Xiangtan /pi³³/
Gan Nanchang /piʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /pit̚¹/
Taoyuan /pet̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pek̚⁵/
Nanning /pek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pik̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbek̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (134)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/piek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pik̚/
Li
Rong
/piək̚/
Wang
Li
/pĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pik ›
Old
Chinese
/*prək/
English urge, press

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3378
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*prɯɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. compel, pressure, force
  2. to bother
  3. (Mandarin) Alternative form of ().

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(pip, byeok) (hangeul , , revised pip, byeok, McCune-Reischauer p'ip, pyŏk, Yale phip, pyek)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(bức, bực)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.