U+798F, 福
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-798F

[U+798E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7990]
U+FA1B, 福
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA1B

[U+FA1A]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA1C]
福 U+2F956, 福
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F956
𥛅
[U+2F955]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 秫
[U+2F957]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 113, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 戈火一口田 (IFMRW), four-corner 31266, composition(GHTJV) or ⿰(K))

Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 845, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24768
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1265, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2404, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+798F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pɯɡ): semantic + phonetic (OC *pʰrɯɡ, *bɯɡ).

EtymologyEdit

Proto-Sino-Tibetan [Term?]. Cognate with (OC *pɯɡs, “rich”), Tibetan ཕྱུགས (phyugs, livestock).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (1)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/piuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puwk̚/
Li
Rong
/piuk̚/
Wang
Li
/pĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*pək/
English blessing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3395
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. blessing; happiness; prosperity
  2. (literary) to bless
  3. good fortune
  4. Short for 福建 (Fújiàn, “Fujian”).
  5. A surname​. Fu.

SynonymsEdit

  • (blessing): 幸福 (xìngfú)
  • (good fortune):

AntonymsEdit

  • (blessing): (literary, or in compounds) (huò)

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (ふく) (fuku)
  • Korean: (, bok)
  • Vietnamese: phúc (), phước ()

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (2)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰiəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰuwH/
Li
Rong
/pʰiuH/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰi̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fòu

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to store; to garner
  2. to conform to; to fit in with

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. good fortune, good luck

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
ふく
Grade: 3
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC pɨuk̚).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ふく) (fuku

  1. good luck, good fortune
    Synonym: 幸運 (kōun)
    Antonym: (ka)
  2. happiness
  3. (Shinto, Buddhism) a blessing

Derived termsEdit

Adjectival nounEdit

(ふく) (fuku-na (adnominal (ふく) (fuku na), adverbial (ふく) (fuku ni))

  1. wealthy

InflectionEdit

Proper nounEdit

(ふく) (Fuku

  1. a placename
  2. a surname
  3. a female given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun (bok bok))

  1. Hanja form? of (fortune).

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: phúc, phước, Phúc

  1. happy
  2. fortunate
  3. blessing