U+6D41, 流
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D41

[U+6D40]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D42]
U+F9CA, 流
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9CA

[U+F9C9]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9CB]
U+FA97, 流
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA97

[U+FA96]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA98]
流 U+2F902, 流
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F902
海
[U+2F901]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 浩
[U+2F903]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
Mainland China, Japan and Korea
 
Stroke order
Taiwan
 

Alternative formsEdit

  • In mainland China (based on Xin Zixing character form), Japanese kanji, Korean hanja and Vietnamese Nôm, the upper right component 𠫓 is written (4 strokes) while the bottom right stroke is written with an ending hook which is the historical form found in the Kangxi Dictionary.
  • In Taiwan and Hong Kong (based on Big5 character form), the upper right component 𠫓 is written (3 strokes) while the bottom right stroke is written without the ending hook.
  • Three CJK compatibility ideographs exist for this character:
    • U+F9CA corresponds to a duplicate character found in South Korea's KS X 1001 character set.
    • U+FA97 corresponds to an alternative form used in North Korea which is similar to the character used in Taiwan/Hong Kong.
    • U+2F902 corresponds to an alternative form used in Taiwan which is similar to the character used in mainland China/Japan/Korea but the bottom right stroke is written without the ending hook.

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +7, 9 strokes in traditional Chinese, 10 strokes in mainland China and Japanese and Korean, cangjie input 水卜戈山 (EYIU), four-corner 34113, composition(GJKV or U+F9CA or U+2F902) or ⿰𠫓丿(HT or U+FA97))

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 623, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17572
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1019, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1631, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6D41

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
 
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Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ru): semantic  + phonetic .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lâu - vernacular;
  • liû - literary.
Note:
  • lao5 - vernacular;
  • liu5 - literary.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /liəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /luw/
    Li
    Rong
    /liu/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯ə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    liú
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    liú
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljuw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ru/
    English flow (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8335
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ru/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to flow
        ―  liúhàn  ―  to sweat
      /   ―  liúlèi  ―  to cry; to let tears flow
        ―  liúxuè  ―  to bleed
    2. to drift; to wander
      /   ―  liúlián  ―  to linger; to be reluctant to leave
    3. class; grade
        ―  liú  ―  first class; top grade
    4. (of water, electricity, other fluids) current; flow; stream
      /   ―  liú  ―  airflow
      /   ―  diànliú  ―  electric current
    5. to spread; to scatter; to disseminate
      Synonyms: 留傳留传 (liúchuán), 散佈散布
        ―  liúyán  ―  rumors; gossip
        ―  liúfāng  ―  to leave a good reputation
    6. (physics) Short for 流明 (liúmíng, “lumen”).
    7. (mathematics) flow

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC lɨu).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (りゅう) (ryū (historical kana りう)

    1. the flow of water or something like water
    2. art forms, methods, styles, and techniques peculiar to a person or house

    AffixEdit

    (りゅう) (ryū (historical kana りう)

    1. current, flow, stream, waterflow
    2. flowing, washing
    3. spread

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ryu>yu) (hangeul >)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: lưu[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: lưu[1][2]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit