幹嗎

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
main part of something; to manage; to work; to do; capable; tree trunk; to kill (slang)
(question tag); morphine
trad. (幹嗎)
simp. (干吗)

Etymology 1Edit

(“to do”) + (“(dialectal Mandarin, e.g. Tianjin) what”). Colloquial; the formal equivalent in Standard Mandarin is 什麼.

The second element is cognate with (me) in Standard Mandarin 什麼什么 (shénme, “what”), and is usually written as when writing Tianjin dialect. Dictionaries only consider consider toneless ma (declarative particle) as the only proper use of . All other senses, including the dialectally influenced pronunciation of ("what") and the interrogative particle of ma, are considered incorrect. However, there is much confusion in actual writing, possibly with 幹嘛 being used more commonly for this sense.

PronunciationEdit


VerbEdit

幹嗎

  1. (colloquial) what is (someone) doing; what is going on
    幹嘛, 幹麼
  2. (colloquial) what is wrong; what is up
    幹嘛, 幹麼
    • 幹嗎 / 干吗  ―  gànmá ya?  ―  What's up with you?

AdverbEdit

幹嗎

  1. (colloquial) why; why on earth; whatever for
    幹嘛, 幹麼

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit


VerbEdit

幹嗎

  1. (“to do”) + (“question particle”)
    幹嘛
  2. (vulgar) (“to fuck”) + (“question particle”)
    幹嘛
  3. Alternative form of 幹嘛 (“to do + declarative particle”).
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