See also: and
U+5E79, 幹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E79

[U+5E78]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E7A]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 51, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 十十人一十 (JJOMJ), four-corner 48441, composition𠦝𫢉)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 341, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9183
  • Dae Jaweon: page 650, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 409, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5E79

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːns): semantic + phonetic (OC *kaːn).

Etymology 1Edit

The vulgar sense entered Mandarin from Min Nan (kàn), as shares the same pronunciation with in Min Nan.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • gáng - literary;
  • guāng - colloquial.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    gàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kanH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˁar-s/
    English stem; framework

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3587
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kaːns/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. main part of something; body; trunk
      /   ―  shùgàn  ―  trunk of a plant
      /   ―  gàn  ―  body of animals
      /   ―  gàndào  ―  main road; high street
    2. (colloquial) to do
      什麼 / 什么  ―  Nǐ zài gàn shénme?  ―  What are you doing?
    3. to work
      /   ―  gànhuó  ―  to work
      什麼 / 什么  ―  Nǐ shì gàn shénme de?  ―  What is your job?
    4. (vulgar) to fuck; to engage in sexual intercourse
      恁娘 / 恁娘 [Hokkien]  ―  Kàn-lín-niâ! [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  Fuck your mother!
      你媽 / 你妈  ―  Gàn nǐ mā!  ―  Fuck your mother!
    5. (vulgar) to kill
      /   ―  Gàndiào tā!  ―  Kill him!
    6. (vulgar, chiefly Taiwan) to steal
      ?! / ?!  ―  Shuí gàn zǒu le wǒ de bǐ?!  ―  Who stole my pen?!
    7. (vulgar, chiefly Taiwan) to blame; to condemn
      /   ―  gōng gàn  ―  criticized by everyone
    SynonymsEdit
    • (to do):
    • (to fuck):

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. just
    2. calm
    3. Alternative form of (gān, “heavenly stem”).
    4. dead

    Etymology 3Edit

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (hán, “fence around well”).

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

     
    (miki): a tree trunk.
    Kanji in this term
    みき
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi

    Originally a compound of (mi, body) +‎ (ki, tree).[1][2][3]

    First cited to a text from 1726.[1]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (みき) (miki

    1. [from 1726] the trunk or core of something:
      1. a tree trunk
      2. a plant stalk

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    から
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    からS
    [counter] used to count items with shafts
    [noun] the trunk or stem of a plant
    [noun] the shaft of an arrow
    [noun] the shaft, haft, or handle of a tool
    [prefix] describes something with a stem, shaft, or handle
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC kɑnH).

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (かん) (kan

    1. tree trunk; stem
    2. main part; core
    3. talent; capability
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    4. 4.0 4.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune–Reischauer kan)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (cán)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.