See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 51 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 十十人一十 (JJOMJ), four-corner 48441, composition𠦝𠆢)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 341, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9183
  • Dae Jaweon: page 650, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 409, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5E79

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːns): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *kaːn)

EtymologyEdit

The vulgar sense entered Mandarin from Min Nan (kàn), as shares the same pronunciation with in Min Nan.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kanH/
Li
Rong
/kɑnH/
Wang
Li
/kɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤar-s/
English stem; framework

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3587
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. main part of something; body; trunk
    /   ―  shùgàn  ―  trunk of a plant
    /   ―  gàn  ―  body of animals
    /   ―  gàndào  ―  main road; high street
  2. to do
    什麼 / 什么  ―  Nǐ zài gàn shénme?  ―  What are you doing?
  3. to work
    /   ―  gànhuó  ―  to work
    什麼 / 什么  ―  Nǐ shì gàn shénme de?  ―  What is your job?
  4. (vulgar) to fuck, to engage in sexual intercourse
    恁娘 / 恁娘 [Min Nan]  ―  Kàn-lín-niâ! [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  Fuck your mother!
    你媽 / 你妈  ―  Gàn nǐ mā!  ―  Fuck your mother!
  5. (vulgar) to kill
    /   ―  Gàndiào tā!  ―  Kill him!
  6. (vulgar, chiefly Taiwan) to steal
    ?! / ?!  ―  Shuí gàn zǒu le wǒ de bǐ?!  ―  Who stole my pen?!
  7. (vulgar, chiefly Taiwan) to blame, to condemn
    /   ―  gōng gàn  ―  criticized by everyone

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

(miki): a tree trunk.
Kanji in this term
みき
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Originally a compound of ‎(mi, body) +‎ ‎(ki, tree).[1][2][3]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana みき, romaji miki)

  1. the trunk or core of something:
    1. a tree trunk
    2. a plant stalk

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. 4.0 4.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune-Reischauer kan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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