ChineseEdit

 
carry; what; how; why; which
 
to use; according to; so as to; in order to; by; with; because; Israel (abbrev.)
simp. and trad.
(何以)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (33) (36)
Final () (94) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑ/ /jɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑ/ /jɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑ/ /ieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦa/ /jɨX/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑ/ /iəX/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑ/ /jĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑ/ /iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ha › ‹ yiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˁaj/ /*ləʔ/
English what take, use

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 7458 14929
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːl/ /*lɯʔ/

AdverbEdit

何以

  1. (literary) how; why

SynonymsEdit