See also: 现在

ChineseEdit

 
appear; present; now
appear; present; now; existing; current
 
(located) at; in; exist
(located) at; in; exist; (before verbs) immediately involved in; right in the middle of doing
trad. (現在)
simp. (现在)
alternative forms 見在见在 archaic

EtymologyEdit

"the present; now"
Originally a Buddhist calque of Sanskrit प्रत्युत्पन्न (pratyutpanna, present; existing at the present moment, past participle), from प्रति (prati, upon; near; toward) + उत्पन्न (utpanna, occurred; arisen; mentioned), from the verb root पद् (pad, to go).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hing7 zai6 - Chaozhou;
  • hêng7 zai6 - Jieyang;
  • hiang7 zai6 - Chaoyang, Puning, Huilai.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (33) (15) (15)
    Final () (85) (41) (41)
    Tone (調) Departing (H) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open Open
    Division () IV I I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦenH/ /d͡zʌiX/ /d͡zʌiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦenH/ /d͡zəiX/ /d͡zəiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣɛnH/ /d͡zɒiX/ /d͡zɒiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦɛnH/ /d͡zəjX/ /d͡zəjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣenH/ /d͡zᴀiX/ /d͡zᴀiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣienH/ /d͡zɒiX/ /d͡zɒiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣienH/ /d͡zʱɑ̆iX/ /d͡zʱɑ̆iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiàn zài zài
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jin6 zoi6 zoi6

    NounEdit

    現在

    1. now; the present time; the present moment; the current time
      珍惜現在 / 珍惜现在  ―  zhēnxī xiànzài  ―  to cherish the present
      現在 / 现在  ―  xiànzài hái zǎo  ―  It's still early.
      現在情況 / 现在情况  ―  xiànzài de qíngkuàng  ―  the current situation
      現在幾點 / 现在几点  ―  Xiànzài jǐdiǎn le?  ―  What time is it at the moment?
      現在哪裡 / 现在哪里  ―  xiànzài zài nǎlǐ?  ―  Where are you now?
      倒計時現在開始 / 倒计时现在开始  ―  Dàojìshí xiànzài kāishǐ!  ―  The countdown starts now!
      現在沒有辦法工作 [MSC, trad.]
      现在没有办法工作 [MSC, simp.]
      xiànzài méiyǒu bànfǎ gōngzuò. [Pinyin]
      There's no way I can work now.
      原來認為現在辦到 [MSC, trad.]
      原来认为现在办到 [MSC, simp.]
      Yuánlái rènwéi bàn bù dào de shì, xiànzài bàndào le. [Pinyin]
      What was thought impossible has now been done.
      火車現在來得及 [MSC, trad.]
      火车现在来得及 [MSC, simp.]
      Huǒchē sān diǎn kāi, nǐ xiànzài qù hái láidejí. [Pinyin]
      The train leaves at three. You can still make it if you go now.
      電視節目現在電視節目好多 [MSC, trad.]
      电视节目现在电视节目好多 [MSC, simp.]
      Jiù diànshìjiémù bǐ xiànzài de diànshìjiémù hǎoduō ba! [Pinyin]
      The old television shows are much better than the current television shows!
    2. (literary) this life; this world

    SynonymsEdit

    • (now):

    Derived termsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    VerbEdit

    現在

    1. (literary) to remain; to still exist
    2. (literary) to be alive
    3. (formal) to be currently at; to be currently in

    SynonymsEdit

    • (to remain):

    JapaneseEdit

    Kanji in this term
    げん
    Grade: 5
    ざい
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (げん)(ざい) (genzai

    1. the present, now

    AdverbEdit

    (げん)(ざい) (genzai

    1. now, at present

    SynonymsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    Hanja in this term

    NounEdit

    現在 (hyeonjae) (hangeul 현재)

    1. Hanja form? of 현재 (the present time).

    VietnameseEdit

    Hán tự in this term

    NounEdit

    現在

    1. Hán tự form of hiện tại (the present).