See also: 现在

Chinese edit

 
appear; present; now
appear; present; now; existing; current
 
(located) at; in; exist
(located) at; in; exist; (before verbs) immediately involved in; right in the middle of doing
trad. (現在)
simp. (现在)
alternative forms 見在见在 archaic

Etymology edit

"the present; now"
Originally a Buddhist calque of Sanskrit प्रत्युत्पन्न (pratyutpanna, present; existing at the present moment, past participle), from प्रति (prati, upon; near; toward) + उत्पन्न (utpanna, occurred; arisen; mentioned), from the verb root पद् (pad, to go).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • hing7 zai6 - Chaozhou;
  • hêng7 zai6 - Jieyang;
  • hiang7 zai6 - Chaoyang, Puning, Huilai.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (15) (15)
Final () (85) (41) (41)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () IV I I
Fanqie
Baxter henH dzojX dzojH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦenH/ /d͡zʌiX/ /d͡zʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦenH/ /d͡zəiX/ /d͡zəiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɛnH/ /d͡zɒiX/ /d͡zɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɛnH/ /d͡zəjX/ /d͡zəjH/
Li
Rong
/ɣenH/ /d͡zᴀiX/ /d͡zᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/ɣienH/ /d͡zɒiX/ /d͡zɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣienH/ /d͡zʱɑ̆iX/ /d͡zʱɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiàn zài zài
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jin6 zoi6 zoi6

Noun edit

現在

  1. now; the present time; the present moment; the current time
    珍惜現在珍惜现在  ―  zhēnxī xiànzài  ―  to cherish the present
    現在现在  ―  xiànzài hái zǎo  ―  It's still early.
    現在情況现在情况  ―  xiànzài de qíngkuàng  ―  the current situation
    現在幾點现在几点  ―  Xiànzài jǐdiǎn le?  ―  What time is it at the moment?
    現在哪裡现在哪里  ―  xiànzài zài nǎlǐ?  ―  Where are you now?
    倒計時現在開始 [MSC, trad.]
    倒计时现在开始 [MSC, simp.]
    Dàojìshí xiànzài kāishǐ! [Pinyin]
    The countdown starts now!
    現在沒有辦法工作 [MSC, trad.]
    现在没有办法工作 [MSC, simp.]
    xiànzài méiyǒu bànfǎ gōngzuò. [Pinyin]
    There's no way I can work now.
    原來認為現在 [MSC, trad.]
    原来认为现在 [MSC, simp.]
    Yuánlái rènwéi bàn bù dào de shì, xiànzài bàn dào le. [Pinyin]
    What was thought impossible has now been done.
    火車現在來得及 [MSC, trad.]
    火车现在来得及 [MSC, simp.]
    Huǒchē sān diǎn kāi, nǐ xiànzài qù hái láidejí. [Pinyin]
    The train leaves at three. You can still make it if you go now.
    電視節目現在電視節目好多 [MSC, trad.]
    电视节目现在电视节目好多 [MSC, simp.]
    Jiù diànshìjiémù bǐ xiànzài de diànshìjiémù hǎoduō ba! [Pinyin]
    The old television shows are much better than the current television shows!
  2. (literary) this life; this world

Synonyms edit

  • (now):

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Verb edit

現在

  1. (literary) to remain; to still exist
  2. (literary) to be alive
  3. (formal) to be currently at; to be currently in

Synonyms edit

  • (to remain):

Japanese edit

Kanji in this term
げん
Grade: 5
ざい
Grade: 5
on’yomi

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(げん)(ざい) (genzai

  1. the present, now

Adverb edit

(げん)(ざい) (genzai

  1. now, at present

Synonyms edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja in this term

Noun edit

現在 (hyeonjae) (hangeul 현재)

  1. Hanja form? of 현재 (the present time).

Vietnamese edit

chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun edit

現在

  1. chữ Hán form of hiện tại (the present).