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ChineseEdit

 
finish; complete; accomplish; become; turn into; win; succeed; one tenth
 
metropolis; capital city; all; both (if two things are involved); entirely; even; already
simp. and trad.
(成都)
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
成都

EtymologyEdit

May be the transcription of a native non-Chinese word.

Alternatively, the name may be derived from its status as the new capital of Shu under the ninth king of its Kaiming dynasty, supposedly in homage to King Tai of Zhou's statement that a new settlement needed one year to become a town, two to become a city, and three to become a metropolis ().

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (25) (5)
Final () (121) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇŋ/ /tuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛŋ/ /tuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiæŋ/ /to/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiajŋ/ /tɔ/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛŋ/ /to/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛŋ/ /tu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛŋ/ /tuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chéng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chéng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyeng › ‹ tu ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]eŋ/ /*tˤa/
English to become (v.i.) capital city

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 1417 16968
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djeŋ/ /*taː/
Notes

Proper nounEdit

成都

  1. () Chengdu, a prefecture-level city formerly the capital of the kingdom of Shu and now the capital of the province of Sichuan

SynonymsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 4

Grade: 3
on’yomi

Proper nounEdit

成都 (hiragana せいと, rōmaji Seito)

  1. Chengdu