ChineseEdit

 
general; popular; everywhere
general; popular; everywhere; universal
 
go through; know well; to connect
go through; know well; to connect; to communicate; open
simp. and trad.
(普通)

PronunciationEdit


AdjectiveEdit

普通

  1. ordinary; plain; average; nothing special; general
    普通員工 / 普通员工  ―  pǔtōng yuángōng  ―  ordinary employee; general staff
    真的只是普通朋友 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Wǒ gēn tā zhēnde zhǐshì pǔtōng péngyǒu. [Pinyin]
    She and I are really just friends.
    明明那麼普通那麼自信 [MSC, trad.]
    明明那么普通那么自信 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā míngmíng nàme pǔtōng què yòu nàme zìxìn. [Pinyin]
    He's clearly so ordinary, and yet so confident.
  2. common; universal; widespread

SynonymsEdit

  • (ordinary):
  • (common):

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (普通):
  • Japanese: ()(つう) (futsū)
  • Korean: 보통 (普通, botong)
  • Vietnamese: phổ thông (普通)

Further readingEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
つう
Grade: 2
goon

EtymologyEdit

/putuː//fut͡suː/

From Middle Chinese compound 普通 (pʰuoX thuwng, literally ordinary + through). Compare modern Hakka phû-thûng, Cantonese pou2 tung1, Mandarin pǔtōng.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

()(つう) (futsū-na (adnominal ()(つう) (futsū na), adverbial ()(つう) (futsū ni))

  1. common, ordinary

Usage notesEdit

The form 普通 is replacing 普通な in modern Japanese. See the usage notes below.

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

()(つう) (futsū

  1. the common, the ordinary, nothing special

Usage notesEdit

As a noun, it is usually used with the possessive particle (​no), which makes it function as an adjective.

普通 is widely used for a variety of purposes. For example, to display modesty, one can use it respond to flattery (“oh, I’m nothing special”). Similarly, if a restaurant is okay, but not particularly noteworthy, it can be described as 普通.

普通 is also used in various conventional senses – a 普通列車 is a local train (as opposed to the 特急列車 or “special express train”), while an average student is a 普通の学生 (futsū no gakusei).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

普通 (botong) (hangeul 보통)

  1. Hanja form? of 보통 (normality; usually).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

AdjectiveEdit

普通

  1. Hán tự form of phổ thông (common, ordinary).