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U+8DDF, 跟
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8DDF

[U+8DDE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8DE0]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 157, +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 口一日女 (RMAV), four-corner 67132, composition𧾷)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1224, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37491
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1696, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3706, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+8DDF

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krɯːn
*kʰrɯːnʔ, *kʰɯːnʔ, *ŋɯn
*ŋrɯːnʔ
*ɡrɯːn
*ɡrɯːnʔ
*ɡrɯːnʔ
*kʰɯːnʔ, *kʰɯːnʔ, *kʰuːn
*ɡlɯːnʔ, *kɯːnʔ, *kɯːns
*kɯːn
*kɯːn
*kɯːn, *kɯːns, *ŋrɯn
*kɯːns
*kɯːns
*kʰɯːnʔ
*kʰɯːnʔ
*ŋɯːn, *ŋrɯn, *ŋɯn
泿 *ŋɯːn, *ŋrɯn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːnʔ
*ɡɯːns
*ŋrɯn
*ŋrɯn

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

Cognate with (OC *kɯːn, “root”) (Wang, 1982).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • gĕng - “heel”;
  • gṳ̆ng - “to follow”.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kən⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kən⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /kən²¹/
    Jinan /kẽ²¹³/
    Qingdao /kə̃²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /kən²⁴/
    Xi'an /kẽ²¹/
    Xining /kə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kəŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /kə̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /kɤŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /kən⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /kən⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /ken⁵⁵/
    Kunming /kə̃⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /kən³¹/
    Hefei /kən²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /kəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /kəŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /kə̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /kəŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /kən⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ken³³/
    Wenzhou /kaŋ³³/
    /ky³³/
    Hui Shexian /kʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /kɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /kən³³/
    Xiangtan /kən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /kiɛn⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /ken⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐn⁵³/
    Nanning /kɐn⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kɐn⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kun⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kyŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kaiŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kɯŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kin²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (53)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kən/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kən/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kən/
    Li
    Rong
    /kən/
    Wang
    Li
    /kən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gēn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3921
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kɯːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. heel (of a foot, a shoe or a sock)
        ―  gēn  ―  heel
        ―  xiégēn  ―  heel of a shoe
    2. to follow
      /   ―  gēn wǒ shuō  ―  repeat after me
      不要 / 不要  ―  Bùyào gēnzhe wǒ!  ―  Stop following me!
    3. (of a woman) to marry
    4. with (together)
      朋友一起  ―  gēn péngyǒu yīqǐ wán  ―  go out with friends
    5. as (in comparisons)
      一樣 / 一样  ―  gēn nǐ mā yīyàng  ―  the same as your mother
    6. to; with
      大家旅遊經歷 [MSC, trad.]
      大家旅游经历 [MSC, simp.]
      Nǐ lái gēn dàjiā shuōshuō zhè cì lǚyóu de jīnglì. [Pinyin]
      Come tell everyone about your experience in the trip.
    7. and (joining nouns)
      弟弟喜歡游泳 [MSC, trad.]
      弟弟喜欢游泳 [MSC, simp.]
      Dìdi gēn wǒ dōu xǐhuan yóuyǒng. [Pinyin]
      My brother and I both like to swim.
    8. (dialectal Mandarin) at
    SynonymsEdit
    Dialectal synonyms of (“and”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese ,
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing ,
    Taiwan ,
    Jinan , ,
    Xi'an ,
    Wuhan
    Chengdu ,
    Yangzhou ,
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou , 同埋
    Hong Kong , 同埋
    Taishan 同埋
    Yangjiang ,
    Gan Nanchang ,
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan ,
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen ,
    Quanzhou ,
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Penang
    Singapore
    Philippines (Manila) ,
    Chaozhou ,
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou ,
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng ,
    Dialectal synonyms of (“at, in”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing , ,
    Taiwan
    Jinan ,
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou ,
    Hong Kong ,
    Foshan ,
    Shunde
    Zhongshan (Shiqi)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) ,
    Doumen
    Taishan ,
    Kaiping (Chikan)
    Dongguan , ,
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou , ,
    Fuqing ,
    Min Nan Xiamen ,
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei , mT
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Wu Shanghai , 辣辣, 辣海
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Note mT - mainstream Taiwanese (no particular region identified)
    See alsoEdit
    • (with): (tóng), (péi)

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Min Nan) Alternative form of (“to follow”).

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    • On (unclassified): こん (kon)
    • Kun: くびす (kubisu)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (geun) (hangeul , revised geun, McCune–Reischauer kŭn, Yale kun)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (cân, ngấn, ngân)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.