Open main menu

Contents

ChineseEdit

friend friend
simp. and trad.
(朋友)
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (3) (35)
Final () (129) (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bəŋ/ /ɦɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/bəŋ/ /ɦiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/bəŋ/ /ɣiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bəŋ/ /ɦuwX/
Li
Rong
/bəŋ/ /ɣiuX/
Wang
Li
/bəŋ/ /ɣĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱəŋ/ /i̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
péng yǒu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
péng yǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ bong › ‹ hjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˁəŋ/ /*[ɢ]ʷəʔ/
English set of cowries; friend friend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 9663 15596
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯːŋ/ /*ɢʷɯʔ/

NounEdit

朋友

  1. friend (Classifier: ; )
    童年朋友  ―  tóngnián de péngyǒu  ―  childhood friend
    結交朋友 / 结交朋友  ―  jiéjiāo xīn péngyǒu  ―  to make new friends
  2. (euphemistic) boyfriend or girlfriend; partner
SynonymsEdit
  • (friend): (slang) 捧由 (pěngyóu), (slang) 捧油 (pěngyóu), (neologism, Internet, slang, humorous, cute-sounding) 盆友 (pényǒu), (Min Nan) 友的, (Min Nan, Hokkien, dated) 交丸, (literary) 交遊交游 (jiāoyóu)
AntonymsEdit
HyponymsEdit
  • (friend): 好友 (hǎoyǒu, “good friend”), 老友 (lǎoyǒu, “old friend”)
Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


NounEdit

朋友

  1. (archaic) large number of retainers
  2. (archaic, Ming dynasty) designation given by government bureaucrats to Confucian students
SynonymsEdit
  • (large number of retainers): (archaic) 群臣 (qúnchén)

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (朋友):

Others:


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
ほう
Jinmeiyō
ゆう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

/hoː iu//hoːjiu//hoːjuː/

From Middle Chinese compound 朋友 (MC bəŋ ɦɨuX).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

朋友 (hiragana ほうゆう, rōmaji hōyū, historical hiragana ほういう)
(alternative reading hiragana ぼうゆう, romaji bōyū, historical hiragana ぼういう)

  1. (uncommon) a friend
    Synonyms: 友達 (tomodachi), 仲間 (nakama), 友人 (yūjin) (more common)
    Antonym: 仇敵 (kyūteki)
Derived termsEdit
ProverbsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ぽん
Jinmeiyō
ゆう
Grade: 2
Irregular

Borrowing from Mandarin 朋友 (péngyǒu).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

NounEdit

朋友 (katakana ポンユー, rōmaji pon'yū)

  1. (rare) a friend

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

朋友

  1. Hán tự form of bằng hữu (friend).