See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 26 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 金口尸中 (CRSL), four-corner 87620, composition)

  1. still, but
  2. to decline
  3. to retreat

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 159, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2867
  • Dae Jaweon: page 365, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 317, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+537B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
卻-seal.svg 卻-bigseal.svg 卻-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  – person 卩 leaving 八 the house 口 – retreat.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (28)
Final: (107)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jue
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɨɐk̚/ /kiɐk̚/ /kiɑk̚/ /kɨak̚/ /kiak̚/ /kĭak̚/ /ki̯ak̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (29)
Final: (107)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: que
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɨɐk̚/ /kʰiɐk̚/ /kʰiɑk̚/ /kʰɨak̚/ /kʰiak̚/ /kʰĭak̚/ /kʰi̯ak̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
què ‹ khjak › /*[k]ʰak/ decline, refuse

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10739 0 /*kaɡ/
10740 0 /*kʰaɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. but

Usage notesEdit

Can not start a sentence.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. Alternative form of

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gak) (hangeul , revised gak, McCune-Reischauer kak)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khước)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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