U+6C8C, 沌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C8C

[U+6C8B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C8D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 水心山 (EPU), four-corner 35117, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 610, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17193
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1003, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1561, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6C8C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tuːnʔ
*rduːn, *duːn, *tun
*donʔ, *duːn, *duːnʔ
*tuːnʔ, *tjuns
*tuːns
*tuːns
*tʰuːn, *tʰuːnʔ
*tʰuːnʔ
*duːn, *tun
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn, *stʰuːn
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn, *duːnʔ
*duːnʔ
*tun
*tʰun
*tʰun
椿 *tʰun
*tʰunʔ, *tʰjunʔ
*tjun
*tjun, *tjuns
*tjunʔ, *djun
*tʰjun
*tʰjunʔ
*tʰjunʔ
*tʰjunʔ
*djun
*hljunʔ
*hljuns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *donʔ, *duːn, *duːnʔ): semantic  + phonetic (OC *duːn, *tun).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (7)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duənX/
Pan
Wuyun
/duonX/
Shao
Rongfen
/duənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dwənX/
Li
Rong
/duənX/
Wang
Li
/duənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dùn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 12558
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*duːnʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. benighted; ignorant
  2. disorderly; chaotic

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (11)
Final () (80)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠiuᴇnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖʷᵚiɛnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiuænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖwianX/
Li
Rong
/ȡjuɛnX/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭwɛnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯wɛnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhuàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 12539
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*donʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. () Zhuan River (river in Hubei Province)
  2. Only used in 沌口 (“name of an ancient county”).

Pronunciation 3Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (7)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duən/
Pan
Wuyun
/duon/
Shao
Rongfen
/duən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dwən/
Li
Rong
/duən/
Wang
Li
/duən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tún
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 12552
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*duːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (of waves) billowing

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(don) (hangeul , revised don, McCune-Reischauer ton, Yale ton)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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