See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 45 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 心山 (PU), four-corner 50717)

  1. village, hamlet
  2. camp
  3. station
  4. third hexagram of the I Ching

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 304, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7828
  • Dae Jaweon: page 603, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 13, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5C6F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (9) (7)
Final () (47) (55)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈiuɪn/ /duən/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʷin/ /duon/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶjuen/ /duən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈwin/ /dwən/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuĕn/ /duən/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuĕn/ /duən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uĕn/ /dʱuən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhūn tún
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tún zhūn
Middle
Chinese
‹ dwon › ‹ trwin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ˤun/ /*trun/
English accumulate difficult

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12546 12562
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*duːn/ /*tun/
Notes

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English ton, tonne. The kanji is an example of ateji.

NounEdit

‎(katakana トン, hiragana とん, romaji ton)

  1. tonne

Usage notesEdit

Most usually spelled in katakana, as トン.


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(dun, jun) (hangeul , , revised dun, jun, McCune-Reischauer tun, chun)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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